THE OHIO HISTORICAL SOCIETY || YOUNGSTOWN HISTORICAL CENTER OF INDUSTRY & LABOR
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The U.S. Steel Company - Ohio Works Photographs Collection

MSS 0009 -- (ca. 1945-1958 incl.; bulk dates 1947-1951) -- (3 cubic feet)


CONTAINER LIST || PROVENANCE || SCOPE & CONTENT || SERIES LIST

Scope and Content

The U.S. Steel Company - Ohio Works Collection offers a visual documentation of steel-manufacturing constructed and designed by the U.S. Steel Company - Ohio Works in the mid 1940s to the late 1950s. The company made extensive use of photography as demonstrated by the various angles of the subjects photographed. The majority of the collection surrounds photographs of five individual Blast Furnaces (1, 2, 4, 5, and 6). The other main focuses are on the Turbo Blowers and the Ore Bridges. There are other minor subjects photographed less extensively. Also, within the general pictures, there are clear and detailed panoramic shots of the exterior of the Ohio Works.

The bulk of the material is in the form of black and white photographs. There are also numerous full color slides displaying various action scenes from both the interior and exterior of the building. In addition, there are a few exterior panoramic shots of the Ohio Works.

Also included in this collection are 4 16mm films of the dismantling of an ore bridge. There was also one Polaroid land camera, c. 1950's, and one Kodak movie camera, c. 1950-1960 which were transferred to the museum collection.

United States Steel (U.S. Steel), formed in 1901 by financier John Pierpont (J.P.) Morgan, was comprised of 8 major companies. These included the American Steel and Wire Company, the American Steel Sheet Company, the American Tin Plate Company, the Carnegie Company, the Federal Steel Company, the National Steel Company, and the National Tube Company. U.S. Steel's Ohio Steel Company was founded in 1892. When U.S. Steel and the National Steel Company merged, National Steel bought the Youngstown plant and made it part of the Carnegie-Illinois Steel Division. The Ohio Steel Company was then renamed the Ohio Works in 1950. Even though U.S. Steel was the leading steel manufacturer in the world, Ohio Works closed in 1980 due to financial difficulties. Efforts were made to reopen the mill as a worker-owned facility leading to a lawsuit in an attempt to stop the demolition of the plant. The case was lost and the Ohio Works was demolished soon afterwards.


Series List

Series 1 - Photographs
The photograph portion of the collection consists of approximately 500 8 x 10 black and white pictures that were used by the company for display purposes. A few are 4 x 5. They are dated from the years 1945 to 1958, with the bulk of the photographs occurring within the years 1947 to 1951.

Series 2 - Color Slides
The color slide portion of the collection consists of approximately 115 miscellaneous color slides of the Ohio Works. There are exterior panoramic photos, as well as color interior photos showing various areas of the steel mill at work.

 

Provenance

The Ohio Historical Society acquired this collection of photographs and color slides on September 15, 1987 in donation by Mr. Nicholas Yovick of Youngstown, Ohio. Preliminary processing was done upon receiving the collection in 1987. Final processing was completed at the Youngstown Historical Center of Industry and Labor Archives/Library in August of 1997. As opposed to its catalogued order upon receipt, the collection has been refiled into an order which would provide for easy handling and locating. Presently, the collection is catalogued alphabetically by subject followed by date. Final processing was done by Amy Balaban.


Container List

SERIES 1 - PHOTOGRAPHS

CONTAINER: 009-1
FOLDERS: 1-12
CONTENTS: General Pictures

CONTAINER: 009-1
FOLDERS: 13-17
CONTENTS: Bessemer Storage Building and Standpipe

CONTAINER: 009-1
FOLDERS: 18-32
CONTENTS: Blast Furnace 1

CONTAINER: 009-1
FOLDERS: 33-55
CONTENTS: Blast Furnace 2

CONTAINER: 009-2
FOLDERS: 56-161
CONTENTS: Blast Furnace 4

CONTAINER: 009-3
FOLDERS: 162-248
CONTENTS: Blast Furnace 4

CONTAINER: 009-3
FOLDERS: 249-256
CONTENTS: Blast Furnace 5

CONTAINER: 009-4
FOLDERS: 257-275
CONTENTS: Blast Furnace 5

CONTAINER: 009-4
FOLDERS: 276-283
CONTENTS: Blast Furnace 6

CONTAINER: 009-4
FOLDERS: 284-271
CONTENTS: Blast Furnace Blowing (Replacement of)

CONTAINER: 009-4
FOLDER: 272
CONTENTS: Bore Hole Record

CONTAINER: 009-4
FOLDER: 273
CONTENTS: Casting Yard (New)

CONTAINER: 009-5
FOLDERS: 274-307
CONTENTS: Construction Scenes

CONTAINER: 009-5
FOLDER: 308
CONTENTS: DC Power House Basement

CONTAINER: 009-5
FOLDER: 309
CONTENTS: Electric Power Generator Facilities

CONTAINER: 009-5
FOLDERS: 310-324
CONTENTS: Frequency Changes (Two 2500 KW)

CONTAINER: 009-5
FOLDERS: 325-332
CONTENTS: #6 Gas Washer

CONTAINER: 009-6
FOLDERS: 333-335
CONTENTS: Open Hearth (Repairs to Mould Yard)

CONTAINER: 009-6
FOLDERS: 336-345
CONTENTS: #1 Ore Bridge

CONTAINER: 009-6
FOLDERS: 346-347
CONTENTS: #2 Ore Bridge

CONTAINER: 009-6
FOLDERS: 348-350
CONTENTS: Rolling Mills (Repairs to Stacks)

CONTAINER: 009-6
FOLDER: 351
CONTENTS: No. 6 Stack, No. 8 Boiler House (Repairs of)

CONTAINER: 009-6
FOLDER: 352
CONTENTS: Stacks: No. 8, No. 9 (New Pits of)

CONTAINER: 009-6
FOLDER: 353
CONTENTS: Standpipe, Upper Union (Rehabilitation of)

CONTAINER: 009-6
FOLDER: 354
CONTENTS: Turbo Blowers Core Data

CONTAINER: 009-6
FOLDER: 355-369
CONTENTS: Turbo Blower Installation

CONTAINER: 009-6
FOLDERS: 370-376
CONTENTS: Turbo Blower Unit C

CONTAINER: 009-6
FOLDERS: 377-383
CONTENTS: Turbo Generator

CONTAINER: 009-6
FOLDERS: 384-387
CONTENTS: Welfare Facilities for Male Employees

CONTAINER: 009-6
FOLDERS: 388-393
CONTENTS: Miscellaneous Photographs (with no description)

SERIES 2 - SLIDES
CONTAINER: 009-7
SLIDE BOX: 1
CONTENTS: U.S.S. Ohio Works Open Hearth Stacks and Precipitator (1972)

CONTAINER: 009-7
SLIDE BOX: 2
CONTENTS: U.S.S. Ohio Works Blast Furnace (1974)

CONTAINER: 009-7
SLIDE BOX: 3
CONTENTS: U.S.S. Ohio Works Open Hearth Slag Processing (1972, 1973, 1974)

CONTAINER: 009-7
SLIDE BOX: 4
CONTENTS: 15 inch Mill U.S.S. Ohio Works (1973)

CONTAINER: 009-7
SLIDE BOX: 5
CONTENTS: U.S.S. Ohio Works Gate to Plant (1974, 1975)

CONTAINER: 009-7
SLIDE BOX: 6
CONTENTS: U.S.S. Ohio Works Blast Furnace (1974)

CONTAINER: 009-7
SLIDE BOX: 7
CONTENTS: U.S.S. Ohio Works Open Hearth (1972, 1974)

CONTAINER: 009-7
SLIDE BOX: 8
CONTENTS: U.S.S. Ohio Works Open Hearth (1974)


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