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54

of despair was short. The Commodore, who was still unhurt, had gone on board the Niagara and, with the small vessels bearing down upon the enemy, soon brought down the flags of their two heaviest ships, and thus changed the horrors of defeat into shouts of victory. But all the wounded were not permitted to mingle in the joy. The gallant Brooks, and some others were no more. They were too much exhausted by their wounds, to survive the confusions that immediately preceded this happy transition.

The action terminated shortly after three o'clock and, of about one hundred men reported fit for duty in the morning, twenty-one were found dead, and sixty-three wounded. The wounded arteries occupied my first attention, all which, except where amputation was required, were render- ed secure before dark. Having no assistant (the surgeon on board with me being very sick) I deemed it safer to defer amputating till morning, and in the mean time suffered the tourniquets to remain on the limbs. Nothing more was done through the night than to administer opiates and preserve shattered limbs in a uniform position. At daylight a subject was on the table for amputation of the thigh, and at eleven o'clock all amputations were finished. The impatience of this class of the wounded, to meet the operation, rendered it necessary to tale them in the same succession in which they fell. The compound and simple fractures were next attended to, then luxations, lacerations, and contusions, all which occupied my time till twelve o'clock at night.

The day following I visited the wounded of the Niagara, who had lain till that time with their wounds undressed. I found the surgeon sick in bed with hands too feeble to execute the dictates of a feeling heart. Twenty one wounded were mustered, most of whom were taken on board the Lawrence and dressed, and afterwards such as were lying in like manner on board the small vessels. In the course of the evening the sick were prescribed for, which was the first attention I had been able to render them since the action.

The whole number of wounded in the squadron was ninety-six. Of these, twenty-five were cases of compound fracture: viz: of the arm six; of the thigh, four; of the leg, eight; of the shoulder, three; of the ribs, three; and skull. one. Of simple fracture, there were four cases: viz. of the thigh, leg, arm and ribs. Grapeshot wounds, large and small were thirty-seven. There were two cases of concussion of the brain; three of the chest, and two of the pelvis. The contusions, large and small, were ten, and sprains, six.

Of the whole number, three died; viz: midshipman Claxton with compound fractures of the shoulder, in which a part of the clavicle, scapula, and humerus was carried away; a seaman with a mortification of the lower extremity, in which there had been a compound fracture, and another with a fracture of the skull, where a part of the cerebral sub- stance was destroyed.

The compound fractures of the extremities were much retarded in their cure, by the frequent displacement of the bones, by the motion of the ship in rough weather, or b some other unlucky disturbance of the

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