PRESIDENTIAL NOMINATIONS 1892 -TRIP TO NEW ENG-
LAND, ADDRESS AT FRAMINGHAM - G. A. R. ENCAMP-
MENT AT WASHINGTON, MARCHES IN PROCESSION-
THE LESSON OF SEVENTY YEARS -- MOHONK INDIAN
CONFERENCE- AT CHICAGO FOR COLUMBIAN FAIR
DEDICATION - DEATH OF MRS. HARRISON - ELECTION
OF CLEVELAND - LAST ACTIVITIES- 1892-1893
JUNE 5. Sunday. - Blaine resigns from Harrison's Cabinet.
Bad relations between Blaine and Harrison. More im-
portant-between Mrs. Blaine and Mrs. Harrison. Now a
fight for the nomination at the Republican National Convention
the 7th. There may be enough division and hostility to defeat
the Republicans. It clouds their prospects for the time. Prob-
ably the only chance is to drop both Blaine and Harrison and
combine on Sherman, McKinley, or -?
Blaine's former conduct, with this, will carry many Republi-
cans into opposition if he is nominated. Insincerity and lack
of honesty, in the opinion of many good people, will injure
Blaine if he is in the race. He is popular--very--but lacks
the confidence to command support with the thoughtful and
June 7. Tuesday.-- The Blaine boom or brag is either sus-
pended or weakened by the news of last evening.
After all their care and my care the Journal folks had in my
last sentence of Memorial [Day] address immorality instead of
Bellamy, in the North American Review, on the "Progress of
Nationalism," says many good things. "Millionaires and their
shadows the tramps."-Yes, pauperism is the shadow of ex-
90 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
Took 11 A. M. train [to Cleveland]. As we passed east of
Norwalk a heavy fall of rain near Oberlin. Soon after we
passed, the flood washed out the railroad for a quarter of a
mile. Reached Aunty Austin's, 891 Prospect, just as the rain
began. Happy meetings.
June 8. Wednesday. - Called on President Thwing and was
excused from attending the meeting of the board of Western
Reserve University on the 21-22d. Called [also] on Honor-
able Amos Townsend, the secretary and active man of the Gar-
field Monument Association. He and Edwards agreed with me
that the Republican National Convention would do well to drop
Blaine and Harrison and take up McKinley.
Afternoon, met with the Garfield Monument Board. Present,
Senator Payne, Townsend, Parsons, Judge White, General
Barnett. All affairs in good condition; funds ample, out of
debt. Ordered the statues to be completed; reelected the old
officers. Next with General Barnett, attended and presided at
meeting of board of Western Reserve Historical Society. Judge
Baldwin the active man. He was elected president, with other
officers. Funds in good condition. Over ten thousand dollars
in hand to fit up the fire-proof building.
June 9. Thursday. --Afternoon, home via Lake Shore.
Met the Baptist ("bishop") superintendent of this region,
also Chaplain Collins. About all I meet think it is best for the
National Convention to drop Harrison and Blaine and take up
McKinley. Senator Payne in Cleveland talked most pleasantly
of the way Southern Senators, Colquitt and others, spoke of
Hayes and the Hayes Administration.
June 10. - Half past four P. M., telephoned from the Journal
office that Harrison was nominated on the first ballot. This is
well--perhaps the best possible--under all the circumstances.
It gives Blaine a very black eye. He came into the fight when
he was honorably bound to keep out. He had the support of
almost all the unscrupulous bosses--Platt, Quay, Foraker,
Clarkson, etc., etc. Harrison represents the best elements of
the party. I hope McKinley has borne himself (as I am con-
RENOMINATION OF HARRISON 91
fident he has) as a man of honor should. Judge Lucius B.
Otis, formerly a partner of Uncle in banking here, for thirty or
forty years a capitalist of Chicago, is visting at Aunty Miller's.
He thinks Harrison is not a popular candidate. "He is a deacon
[elder] in the Presbyterian Church. They are never liked by
the people. They are stiff, cold, distant. They are the elect of
God--by faith, not works, to be saved," etc., etc.
June 11.--Judge Otis says the weakest point in Harrison's
canvass is the bread-and-butter brigade and the second term.
The ins are not so numerous or so active and influential as the
outs. Cleveland has something of the same weakness. His
former office-holders are pushing his campaign.
Later.--I have read in two papers the proceedings. I am
delighted. McKinley won new laurels. His fame is purer and
brighter than ever. I have written congratulating him--"the
man with the purest fame and the most brilliant record of any
statesman in our political history." (Quotation from my letter.)
Afternoon, drove with Judge Otis west on pike with Mrs.
Miller. He told me General Buckland asked him if he was
satisfied as to a future life--a continuance of the personal
existence here. That he [Buckland] had studied it all he could
and the only conclusion he had reached was, "We don't know."
He was a faithful churchman, however. Judge Otis agreed
with him. Also a faithful churchman of the Episcopal Church.
Under "the plunder law," Hedges of Tiffin signed a bond to
the State to get the money or securities the State gave to the
old Mad River Railroad for one hundred thousand dollars.
Otis saw the venerable, long-white-haired man coming out of
Rudolphus Dickinson's home. Dickinson told Otis: "The old
man who owns Tiffin thinks the bond will ruin him and offers
me as a member of the Board of Public Works one-half of all
his property if I will get him out of it. When I was a young
man beginning in Tiffin, Hedges was kind to me. I told him
to go home and borrow no trouble on account of that liability;
that if it ever troubled him, to come to me again and I would
help him." "Of course," said the judge, "it never came up
against him. And so it is; men are often worried and suffer
92 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
from imaginary dangers. A peril is half conquered the moment
it is boldly and resolutely met. I cut off tobacco and smoking
after using it thirty years. I kept my box in my pocket full
of tobacco, and a fine cigar in sight in my library. If they were
a mile off, I never would have got rid of the hunger for them."
Always face a difficulty or danger and it gives way.
Otis dined with us. Also Miller and his wife. Webb came
in while we were at dinner from the Republican Convention at
Minneapolis. McKinley was superb and gained new laurels.
June 15. Wednesday. - Finished reading Tourgee's "Mur-
vale Eastman." It is his best book; puts the question of our
time admirably. He has hit the nail on the head. More that
is good and less that hurts than in any book I have seen on the
SPIEGEL, June 15, 1892.
MY DEAR GENERAL: - My notice, just received from Captain
Hunter, names Captain (Judge) Lemmon, of Clyde, as chairman
of the commitee on tribute to General Buckland. He has time-
I have not -and of course will prepare the sketch of the gen-
eral. He is accurate and well supplied with the needed ma-
terials. Please support him for the authorship.
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
GENERAL M. F. FORCE.
June 17. Friday. - Evening, called on our Member of Con-
gress, Colonel Haynes. The Democratic Convention at Chicago
next week empties Washington of the members of the House.
The colonel prefers Gorman to Cleveland. Cleveland is sup-
ported by the Mugwumps and his ex-office-holders. Neither of
these forces are favorites. Yet with cash - the cash of Whitney,
ex-Secretary of Navy - Cleveland has the large majority of dele-
gates. Will his many adversaries, with the help of Tammany,
and the threat of the loss of New York, be able to beat him?
UNIVERSITY ACTIVITIES 93
June 18. Saturday.- I go to Delaware this morning. Will
visit the three colleges, Wesleyan, State, and Kenyon before I
return. Fifty years ago at Kenyon I graduated.
Met by the student at President Bashford's at the Delaware
station and taken to the pleasant home. Welcomed by Mrs.
Delaware, June 19. Sunday.-With Mr. Gray attended
church. President Bashford preached, accepting fully the theory
of evolution, and suggesting with some confidence a higher "sin-
less being" on this earth as the successor of man; supporting
the idea by Scripture, science, analogies.
Delaware, June 20. Monday.--Saturday evening I took tea
with the saint-like, venerable, wonderfully attractive President
Merrick. He is feeble--ready to be translated. He said his
father in Wilmington, Vermont, as a young man was a bosom
friend of my father; that visiting at Delaware in his old age,
he returned from one of his walks in a state of excitement:
"I have found my long-lost friend--Rutherford Hayes. His
name is on a gravestone in the old graveyard. Can you tell me
about him. After I left Vermont I heard he went West. But
I never learned the place." He soon ascertained that his friend
was indeed found.
Attended meeting of the board. A full, good meeting.
Vexed that formal documents, deeds, etc., etc., were read at
full length. I expressed it and was relieved by a change of
Columbus, June 22. Wednesday. -Attended meeting of
trustees of Ohio State University, yesterday and today. Elected
H. C. Adams director of [the] industrial college. Have great
hopes of him. Not a certainty.
Evening to Gambier. Met by President Sterling. Found Mr.
Southworth, of Salem, at the president's. He delivered the Phi
Beta Kappa oration Wednesday evening. Met Colonel Jacobs
of Baltimore, an L. L. [Loyal Legion man].
June 23. Thursday. -Commencement. The two bishops,
Vincent and Leonard, Mr. Delano, and others on the stand.
Three orations by seniors; two of them by Buttles-now
94 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
Buttolph! The address to the Societies by Judge Ricks was
good. I was most heartily greeted and made a scattering talk
of fifteen minutes.
June 27. Monday.- To Cleveland to preside over Loyal
Legion banquet at the Hollenden. Spoke acceptably. A very
June 30. Thursday. - Webb came during the night. He
was pleased with my speech. I am more gratified by pleasing
the children and a few near friends and relatives than by any
other thing connected with my public appearances.
July 4. Monday. -Morning, fireworks by Webb, Rud, and
the two boys [Birchard's]. [Young] Webb soon recovered from
his alarm and enjoyed them. . . . Scott came before noon,
looking happy, handsome, and healthy, polite and gentlemanly.
Proud of him. The little fellows good and happy. One of the
best of the Fourths. Weather cool, bracing, bright, perfect.
July 6. Wednesday.-- To Columbus. Afternoon, met the
State University board and in the evening the Experiment Sta-
tion board. After a friendly interview it was agreed to ap-
point a committee of each party to deal with all questions as
to personal property. On our side, Mr. Wing and Professor
Hunt. As to the large claims for buildings and improvements
of real estate, that was passed--practically to be left with the
July 7. Thursday.--Morning, called at [the] governor's of-
fice. Visited the university. Looked over buildings. After-
noon, to Cleveland.
The most important matter as to the university was to get
the opinions of Godfrey, Dr. Schueller, Wing, and Chamberlain
in favor of Dr. Washington Gladden for president. I wrote to
Dr. Gladden that five were earnestly for his election and for an
act allowing us to pay him a fair salary, and our belief that
the other members of the board, Massie and Alexander, would
concur with us.
Agreed with Colonel Brigham to go with him to the [National]
Grange meeting at Chautauqua in August.
POLITICS AND PROHIBITION 95
July 8. Friday.--At 891 Prospect. Only Miss Avery at
home. Read to her Edwin Arnold's "Death and Afterwards,"
also bought and read Foran's "The Other Side,"--a fair
presentation of the labor question from the side of the working-
July 10. Sunday.--I have finished my correspondence and
must now prepare two speeches--one a soldier talk for the
Chautauqua at South Framingham, July 25, and one for Chau-
tauqua Lake to the Grangers, August 19. The first will be easy.
The next will be to show the value to farmers of "the higher
(highest) education" and of manual training.
July 14. Thursday. - President Bashford writes another ar-
ticle in favor of prohibition as a remedy for intemperance. He
thinks too that prohibition must have a party behind it--that
is, in favor of it - for its enforcement. He fails to see either
that a party for implies a party against; or he fails to see that
a party against prohibition means a failure to enforce. No grand
jury will indict where there is a party against it, or if by chance
twelve out of one hundred and twenty are for [against] the in-
dictment, it is certain that one in the twelve will refuse to
July 15. Friday. - One of the autograph fiends wrote me
for a sketch of my life in my own handwriting. I wrote a
short note rebuking him. He replied much hurt; sent a sketch
of Mr. Endicott, of Salem. I relented and replied:-
MY DEAR Boy:-- You made a mistake in asking a busy man
to write you a sketch of his life, no matter how short. I
made a mistake in reminding you of it in a way to wound your
feelings. I want to relieve you and to correct my mistake.
The enclosed compliance with your request will, I trust, do
this and leave us friends.
With all regards. Sincerely,
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
96 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
The sketch is: - Rutherford Birchard Hayes was born in Dela-
ware, Ohio, October 4, 1822. He began to prepare for college
in the law office of Sherman Finch in Delaware in 1834. He
continued his preparatory studies at Norwalk Seminary 1835-
1836, and at the school of Isaac Webb in Middletown, Con-
necticut, 1837-1838 and entered Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio,
in October or November 1838. He graduated August 3, 1842.
He began the study of law at Columbus, Ohio, October 1842,
and completed his preparation for the bar at the law school
of Harvard College 1843-1845 under Justice Story and Profes-
sor Greenleaf. He was admitted to the [bar] at Marietta, Ohio,
in 1845--March 10--and began the practice of his profession
at Lower Sandusky, Ohio (now Fremont, Ohio). In 1846 he
formed a partnership with Ralph P. Buckland, afterwards a
distinguished general in the War for the Union, and a public
man of probity and influence. In 1849 he removed to Cincinnati
where he resided until 1873, when he returned to his old home
at Fremont, Ohio, where he still lives.
He served in the War of the Rebellion from the beginning
to the end; saw much severe service; was five times wounded-
twice badly; and had four horses shot under him. He began
as a private in the Burnet Rifles and became captain, major,
lieutenant-colonel, colonel, brigadier-general, and major-general
He was ten times a candidate for civil offices; was elected
eight times; twice defeated, and twice chosen by one majority.
He is President of the Regimental Association of the Twenty-
third O. V. V. I.; of the Society of the Army of West Vir-
ginia; of the Maumee Valley Historical and Monumental So-
ciety; of the Garfield Monumental Society; of the Slater Educa-
tion Fund for Freedmen; of the National Prison Association;
Commander-in-Chief of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion
of the United States, and of other organizations. He is a mem-
ber of the board of trustees of the Peabody Education Fund;
of the Ohio State University; of the Western Reserve Uni-
versity; of the Ohio Wesleyan University, and of other educa-
tional institutions and benevolent and charitable societies.
EPITOME OF CAREER 97
The most interesting fact in his life is his marriage December
30, 1852, to Lucy Ware Webb at Cincinnati, Ohio. She died
June 25, 1889, leaving five children - four sons and one daughter
- all now grown to maturity. Her motto was the Golden Rule,
and with wonderfully attractive powers her life was an illus-
trious example of the rule.
He serves his party best who serves his country best.
July 17. Sunday.-Met at church Anthony Comstock,
ardent, energetic, and sincere in his work [as secretary of the
New York Society for the Suppression of Vice].
I go tomorrow to Cleveland to perfect loan; then to visit Mr.
Evarts at Windsor; then 24-25 at South Framingham Chau-
tauqua; then to Brattleboro, 26-31.
Anthony Comstock preached in the Presbyterian church today.
He gave in glowing words my action in refusing pardon to a
convict who used the mails to scatter obscene matter, the place
[credit] of saving its [his society's] influence. He also spoke
of Mrs. Hayes in the White House.
BRATTLEBORO, VERMONT, July 22, 1892.
MY DEAR FANNY:- After hearing the awful tragedy in Mr.
Evarts' family, I changed direction and came to this lovely
town. All friends here are well as usual.. . . The old
home of our blacksmith ancestor is as fine as need be-much
Mrs. Bigelow has regained her cheerfulness and never looked
better. Charlotte DeWitt is in her usual health and is in good
relations with her daughters-in-law.
I go tomorrow (Saturday) to South Framingham; expecting
to reach there about 4 P. M. and to stay there Sunday and
Monday, returning here to visit Wilmington (Mother's home)
and Dummerston and spend one night in Grandfather's home
The Hay family of Cleveland were with me to this place.
They have a summer home in New Hampshire, where they will
remain two months.
98 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
My aim will be to reach home Monday morning, August I.
With all love,
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
MISS FANNY HAYES,
August 2. -A perfect day for the celebration of the defense
of Fort Stephenson.
All passed off well. General Force and [the] Hon. [Mr.]
Griffith, [and] Rev. Mr. Hutsinspiller drove with me in the pro-
cession. The Sixteenth Regiment looked well under Colonel
Bunker. The meeting at the park was perhaps as large as any
ever held there. Presiding, I made an unambitious talk on the
battles fought near here - Wayne's victory in 1794, Harrison's
in 1813 at Meigs, Perry's on Lake Erie, etc. Rev. Hutsinspiller
spoke of the inspiring heroism of Croghan (a word he failed
to pronounce correctly).
August 3. Wednesday. - All day engaged in correspondence,
etc., etc. Huntington came in the morning. John Mitchell
here also--a fine, promising young fellow. Birch, Mary, and
their boys make Spiegel unusually happy.
August 6. Saturday.- Last evening attended for the first
time the meeting of the Union Veterans' Union. About twenty
present. Rather more life and comradeship than I looked for.
They are the battle comrades, who have seen service--the
men of Port Hudson, or under Rosecrans.
SPIEGEL GROVE, FREMONT, OHIO, August 6, 1892.
MY DEAR SIR:--Your interesting letter of the 5th presents
a record of service, sacrifice, and suffering of which you may
well be proud, and which entitles you to the gratitude of all
It entitles you also to perfect frankness. A roll of a thousand
old soldiers must have present efficiency, energy, devotion, de-
voutness, and the highest ability to do their souls good. Your
DEATH OF THOMAS C. JONES 99
letter does not touch this vital question, and I have no personal
knowledge which warrants me to speak in regard to it.
With all good wishes. Sincerely,
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
REVEREND THOMAS J. SHEPPARD.
August 7. Sunday.--Mr. Albritton referred to dancing, at-
tending clubs, etc., etc., as sins to be avoided. Too many things
innocent in themselves if innocently indulged are classed as sins.
The envies, the slanders, the avarice, the meannesses, the ill-
natured gossip of church members, are passed by.
August 12. Friday. - Laura and [I] drove perhaps an hour.
It is a refreshing experience, these good talks and walks with
the bright and thoughtful niece, the darling of these fifty years.
August 14. Sunday.-Mr. Albritton preached on immor-
tality. Read Emerson's "Life"; his house burning, the fine let-
ters to his friends who rebuilt it,--sitting with Webb and
Laura under the old oak in front of the house.
August 15. Monday.--I go with Laura this morning 7:30
train via Fostoria - I to Delaware, she to Columbus.
I go to attend the funeral of my friend of many years, Judge
Thomas C. Jones. He was a man of talents, original, a keen
observer, a staunch Whig and Republican, a strenuous sup
porter of me and my Administration. A sound lawyer, a suc-
cessful, upright, useful man; a leader in agriculture also; a
forcible writer; known widely and favorably; one of my earliest
and truest friends. Age seventy-six. So the end draws nearer.
He was an Episcopalian in church relations. Has a fine family.
I shall always miss him. He was nearer to me than any other
friend of boyhood remaining in Delaware. A thinker and
close observer, he was always interesting and wise. Hail!
August 23. Tuesday.--At Spiegel after a week's absence.
I find here, just returned from Norwalk, Birchard, Mary, and
the boys. We returned last evening. Birch and I called at
100 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
Bristol's, Keeler's, and Miller's. At Miller's met Walter Sher-
man and his bride. She is attractive; tall, graceful, with an
intelligent, alive, and friendly face and expression; more
beautiful than I expected to find her. A prize. Learned that
Fanny is in New York at Mrs. Dillenback's and may be home
in a few days.
The diary of my absence is in brief [somewhat condensed]
as follows:--After the funeral at Delaware, Monday 15th, to
Columbus where I spent the night. Reached Cleveland Tuesday
afternoon. Thursday, to Chautauqua with Colonel J. H. Brigham,
Worthy Master of the National Grange, or Patrons of Hus-
bandry. Reached Chautauqua about dark; not a favorable way
to get a first impression. Evening, was introduced to the as-
sembly - a musicale. Received Chautauqua salute - waving
of handkerchiefs. An immense congregation, of ladies mainly.
Friday, [I] presided over the New York State Grange [and]
made my talk on the "Higher Education for All," [which] went
off well ; - reply to the Grange resolutions for a separate agri-
cultural and mechanical school.
Saturday, a magnificent G. A. R. occasion. My speech was
a good deal more than well received. All sorts of good words
about it from all sorts of people. A great audience; capital
singing led by Mr. Excell, of Chicago.
Sunday, with Dr. Pliny H. Hayes, of Buffalo, and his wife
to church in the amphitheatre (280 [feet] by 150), said to
seat seven thousand; excellently fitted for its purpose. [We
heard] Mr. Gunsaulus, of Chicago, an orator. "King of Kings."
Dined with Dr. Flood in his pleasant cottage facing the lake.
He is a candidate for Congress in the Erie District against a
man of coarse ways (Sibley), the nominee of Prohibition, Peo-
ple's Party, and the Democrats.
August 25. Thursday. - On 9 o'clock train to preside at the
meeting of the Maumee Valley Monumental Association, meet-
ing in Memorial Hall, Toledo. Found there Samuel M. Young,
Colonel D. W. H. Howard, ex-Mayor Hamilton, [the] Hon.
[Mr.] Griffin, Mr. Tyler, of Defiance or Napoleon, Mr. Mitchell,
of Maumee, Judge Dunlap, A. A. Graham, of the State His-
ADDRESSES AT CHAUTAUQUA 101
torical Society, [and] President Thompson, of Westerville.
After a rapid dispatch of business, returned.
August 26. Friday.- Governor Gordon [of Georgia] is re-
ported by W. A. Duncan, secretary of Chautauqua of Syracuse,
to have said repeatedly in the presence of large numbers that
when President Hayes dies Southern cities will build monu-
ments to him, etc., etc.
The corner-stone of the sentiment of comradeship is the
principle, the idea, of equal human rights as taught by Christ
in the Sermon on the Mount and repeated by the Fathers in
the Declaration of Independence.
At 7 P. M. Fanny, the darling, came from her trip--Adiron-
dacks, New York, etc., etc. She was in a collision at Pitts-
burgh. Many--indeed all but her--were injured more or
less. She is looking her finest, happy and spirited. It is a
happiness to have her at home again.
August 29. - I go today [with Fanny to Lakeside] to the
Twenty-third Reunion. I want to be the first there. We must
shake hands oftener, and with more warmth, as our numbers
grow less. The reunion was altogether a happy time.
September 2. Friday. - I am in doubt as to going to Wash-
ington to the G. A. R. encampment. My troubles from the
grippe and the poisoning make me uncomfortable at strange
hotels. As yet I have no other arrangement for quarters. The
invitation of the Kanawha Division would take me into the
crowds. Mr. Stead, of Washington, invites me to be his guest
with General Force and other friends of his.
Evening at Keeler's and meditation on my speech at the Con-
ference of Charities and Correction at Cleveland. I will set
forth ex tempore the different subjects included in the work
the conference looks after, and then a few words on prisons,
as a specialty that Cleveland may well look after.
September 3. Saturday.-Am clearing out the woods south
of the house, the underbrush and smaller trees of large kinds
of trees. Took no ride this afternoon; gave myself the luxury
of working in the grove, opening, clearing up, etc.
102 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
September 4. Sunday.--Alone with Fanny in the house.
Old Spiegel ours without interruption. Fanny and I get better
acquainted in these periods of "all to ourselves." She is sweet,
kind, thoughtful, original, sound of judgment, and interesting.
How she adds to my happiness! Without her life would be
In the evening we attended a lecture by [the] Rev. [Mr.]
Fitch, a missionary for twenty years to China--the hus-
band of our bright cousin, Mary McLelland. She is far the
most interesting of the two. He is a Presbyterian. He had a
good audience in our Methodist church. He spoke of the three
hundred millions of people in China. Twelve million a year
die in ignorance of the Bible--one million a month perishing
without salvation! This to me seems monstrous. God, the
Father of all, God, who is love, dooms millions of his creatures
to eternal torment! This he did not say, but, of course, it is
implied in what he did say. He gave very few facts, nothing
new, and did it in a quiet, modest way, without egotism or
pretension. One thinks well of his character but has a poor
opinion of his ability and intelligence. He to bring a new
religion to a polite and cultured people!
At the close of my seventieth year, I join the Chautauqua
class of 1896--not at all confident that I shall live to complete
it, but with two notions in my thinking about it. It may be
useful as an example to others. Let education continue to the
end of life. I find I gain by practice in writing the remarks
and speeches I am constantly making.
I was awake more than usual last night and soon found
myself composing semihumorous speeches. Excellent President
is easily "nicked" into ex-President.
Of the four respectable gentlemen, now supported by the
various political parties, two- the candidates of the third and
fourth parties--General Weaver and General Bidwell, both
would give all of their old shoes and boots to take the requisite
preliminary step to becoming an ex-President. While one and
two wish equally to (for the present) avoid it. One and two
are agreed that the true issue is the tariff. One is for protec-
tion, the other for a revenue tariff. Weaver is for "more
LIBERAL RELIGIOUS ATTITUDE 103
money"; he would fill all pockets. One and two think well of
"more money," but they both want it good money-the in-
trinsic money of the world. Good money cannot be too abundant;
but irredeemable money, "wild-cat money," the more you have,
the worse the financial condition of the country. Bidwell is
for prohibition, national and state, perhaps also local. But the
only practicable and safe prohibition is self-prohibition. This
is golden. It may be this is Dr. Keely's secret; hence he says
it is of gold!
Strictly private and confidential.
SPIEGEL GROVE, FREMONT, OHIO, September 5, 1892.
MY DEAR COMRADE:--I do not want this note to be seen by
anyone but yourself. It is for your eye alone. No one knows
that I write it.
I do not know the situation as you do, but it seems to me
that the public opinion of Cleveland is against placing the
monument on the Square in the place of the Perry monument.
The Perry monument should not be removed. Its right to re-
main is sacred. Take time by the forelock. Consult nobody
but your wife. Write a short note to the public. In one
sentence refer to your judgment in favor of the Square, and
to the decisions of the courts sustaining your legal right. Then
in another sentence say that in deference to public opinion you
will cheerfully cooperate in the selection of another site.
Excuse this from your old friend and comrade. Act promptly
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
COMRADE JAMES HAYR,
September 8.--Finished remarks for the Conference of
Charities and Correction next week at Cleveland. [I] try to
show that the citizens must stand [by], aid, [and] inform pub-
lic officers in their duties with respect to the dependent, de-
fective, and criminal members of society.
104 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
September 9. Friday.- Drove P. M. to John Fitch's and
brought Mary McLelland Fitch down to her lecture in the
Presbyterian church, -her farewell to her friends before going
to China again, after twenty years there as a missionary. How
hopeless the work seems! But to her it is duty and happiness-
and this with zeal and devotion. Therefore it is well with her!
September 11. Sunday. - Evening over to Dr. Stilwell's and
read him my little speech from printed slips. He said it was
the best speech I ever made. It was in the line of his benevolent
nature and hence its excellence.
Cleveland, September 13. - Called A. M. at the Forest City
House and met there Mr. Byers, secretary of the State Board
of Charities, and soon after General Brinkerhoff, the president
of the Ohio State Conference of Charities and Correction, Dr.
Avery, and others.
In the evening in the rain, at the Y. M. C. A. building. A
fair meeting, a good meeting, considering the weather. Got off
my little speech tolerably. Dr. Avery made an excellent annual
address. The mayor's welcome was hearty and in good taste.
A hearty hand-shaking at the close of the meeting.
September 14. Wednesday.-At 9 A. M. met in the as-
sembly room of the Y. M. C. A., Dr. Avery presiding. Made
a motion raising a committee to get rid of repeated commit-
ments of the same old misdemeanants. Excellent papers by
Alexander Johnson and others.
September 15.-Thursday.- The question as to going to
Washington is now in my thoughts. It is probable I will go
via Wheeling and Lake Erie to Wheeling; thence to Washing-
ton after a night's rest in Wheeling. Spent the day getting
ready, writing to friends, etc. I go not for pleasure. It will
be sad enough in some respects. In Washington without Lucy!
This is the only time I have visited the city since the end of
my term, almost twelve years ago. Mrs. Harrison seems to be
near death's door. But the good and much loved comrades
of the Army of West Virginia, of the "Old Kanawha Divi-
sion," expect me and urge it [my going].
CAPACITY FOR SELF-IMPROVEMENT 105
In speaking I must give short talks on some distinct topic
of the war; as, the value of manhood-better than learning,
talents, ancestry, social standing, and wealth, all combined; the
rights and interests of men--the plain people; or what Europe,
the world, thinks of us, our influence in the family of nations;
or pensions; or our leaders, Lincoln and Grant.
September 16. Friday.--The best idea I recall, the result
of my almost seventy years of experience, is the capacity of
men and women for self-improvement. Shakespeare says: "By
use (habit) we can almost change the stamp of nature."* Be-
ginning early, the young can train themselves to good disposi-
tions, to good minds, to steady nerves, to courage, to self-con-
trol, and to all the virtues and graces of mind and body. How
vast, how important!
I have a desire, not intense but growing, to live to seventy.
I now feel as if I could leave this sphere willingly after that
day, [the] 4th [of] October next--two weeks and four days.
Reached Wheeling about 5 P. M. Was met at the station
by Colonel Cochran who took my satchel and walked with me
to the McClure House. The colonel and a consul under Cleve-
land to Japan took tea with me. In the evening a number of
West Virginia friends called and made the evening very agree-
able,-Colonel Thayer Melvin, Mr. A. W. Campbell, recently
from Europe, Captain Dovener, candidate for Congress, Re-
September 17. Saturday.- Fine weather. An early break-
fast. Got off about half past eight. The cars crowded with old
soldiers. On being found out, hand-shaking with them and their
wives and young people began and continued the next four or
five days. Heavy train behind time. Scott, from Cincinnati,
found me soon after starting from Wheeling. A fine son he
is. Reached Washington about 9 P. M. Recognized by a police-
man in the crowd who showed me to a hack and told me how
to get my trunk to my host's house. (Robert Stead.)
* Shakespeare's exact phraseology (Hamlet, iii:4:168) is: "For use al-
most can change the stamp of nature."
106 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
Was soon comfortably at home with Mr. and Mrs. Stead.
She is a niece of my friend General Force, and I could not
have fallen into better hands. No fuss, no fidgets, but a care-
ful regard for all my needs.
September 18. Sunday. - A fine day. At about 10:40 A. M.
with my large fine boy, Scott R., went to our old church, the
Foundry, corner [of] Fourteenth and H. As we entered, I told
the usher who I was, and he put me in the pew Lucy and I oc-
cupied during our four years in the White House. I soon was
recognized by a gentleman in the pew before me, Rev. Dr. -,
editor of the new Methodist organ in Washington. The clergy-
man of the church is Rev. Oliver Brown.
September 19. Monday.--With Webb, Bottsford, Captain
McKee, Adjutant-General Williams, and others, went over to
Arlington and inaugurated [the] monument to General Crook.
Evening, met Colonel Nicholson, General Hawley, and a host
of Loyal Legion friends at the Army and Navy Club. Mr.
Stead and General Force with me.
September 20. Tuesday.-- The day of the great parade. I
had tramped afoot with my comrades in post duties at home,
at State Encampments, and at the National Encampment in
Detroit. It struck me as the thing to do to follow these prece-
dents at Washington. The people looking on and the com-
rades approved by applause in a very gratifying way. Nothing
of the sort could have been better than the demonstration on
Fifteenth Street- Treasury on one side, Riggs House on the
other- and as I approached the stand, Senator Hawley led
in the cheering. It was enough to stir the blood of the coldest and
Evening dined at Army and Navy Club, meeting at table
General Schofield, Vice-President Morton, Senators Manderson,
Hawley, and other notabilities of the army and navy gathered
to meet me. After dinner a general hand-shaking.
September 21. Wednesday. - Began to rain. The encamp-
ment met in the hall, Fifteenth Street, near southeast corner, and
Pennsylvania Avenue. All agreeable. I sat next the aisle, be-
hind [Isaac F.] Mack, the Commander, next to Squires of To-
GRAND ARMY AT WASHINGTON 107
ledo. When Past Commander ------ moved resolutions of sym-
pathy with President and Mrs. Harrison, [and] I rose promptly
to second it [them], there broke out enthusiastic and general
cheering which lasted a long time. When it ceased--in the
language of the newspapers--I "simply said, 'I second the
resolution.'" When I took my seat the applause was renewed.
In the evening, Tuesday evening, was the meeting of the
Army of West Virginia in the Grant [great] tent. Colonel
Lang engineered it. General Bukey was secretary. General
Rosecrans, Governor Pierrepont, General Powell, and others
spoke, and I presided. The event of the evening was the going
out of the electric lights leaving us in total darkness. But the
result was typical of the good order which prevailed through-
out the whole encampment. The strange thing occurred--per-
fect order, and we went on with the speeches and business of
the society, elected officers, passed resolutions, and quietly ad-
journed, the great audience having no noise or confusion, ex-
cept the usual applause when good things were said. When
General Rosecrans was speaking, some one said, "We would
like to see his face." I lighted a match and held it near his
face. This was greeted with great applause, or rather, the old
veteran was heartily applauded.
Wednesday evening dined again at the club.
September 22. Thursday.- Still raining heavily. I took a
carriage and called at the Lucy Hayes Deaconess Home, first
of all, and found it in every way interesting and creditable.
The lady in charge and her husband, Rev. -, were very
hearty, intelligent, and friendly. Next I called on my old
orderly of the war and steward in the White House, William
T. Crump, at his plain but clean and orderly hotel. He is loyal
to Lucy and myself to the last syllable. Then on Mrs. Clare
H. Mohun, in Georgetown. An exceedingly agreeable lady, a
firm friend of Lucy.
Afternoon, went to the meeting, the national meeting, of the
U. V. U. (Union Veterans' Union). Sat with the Ohio men.
Soon recognized and cheered warmly. Responded in a few
words; well received.
108 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
Evening at the Washington reception to the G. A. R., in the
noble hall of the Pension Department--one of the finest,
largest, and most convenient halls for such a meeting to be
found anywhere. With the Vice-President, Palmer, Com-
mander-in-Chief of G. A. R., and the Cabinet- Foster (J. W.),
Wanamaker, Rusk, etc.--(Foster and Wanamaker escorting
me) marched down into the hall from the gallery and took
places on the stand. Vice-President Morton read a short and
appropriate address. Palmer spoke warmly and in an oratorical
vein. This was the whole programme, but the multitude called
vigorously "Hayes," "Hayes," and Past Commander and ex-
Commander Burdette presented me. The cheering seemed uni-
versal, beyond anything else of the kind that evening. I spoke
briefly--the idea being, the growth, splendor, and prestige of
the city of Washington is typical of the great results of the
Union triumph in 1861-5. Well received.
Home to the most agreeable hospitality of Robert and Mrs.
Stead about 10:40, under the kind and thoughtful guidance of
My lady friend at the refreshment table was an agreeable
lady, in mourning for her father, Miss Martha H. Scott, daugh-
ter of Colonel Scott of the army, in charge, until his death, of
the War Records.
Governor and Senator Hawley specially attentive and cour-
teous to me. [So also] Colonel Nicholson, General Park,
Secretary of State Foster, [and] all of the attendants at the
October 1. Saturday.--Began in earnest my Chautauqua
reading. Topic Greece. Am trying to get first the geography.
Will read Byron's "Childe Harold" on Greece, "Siege of
Corinth," etc.; consult the classical dictionary; read novels and
travels; get pictures, etc., pertaining to Greece.
October 2. Sunday.--I have begun to read the Chautauqua
course for 1892-6. Will I keep it up? Doubtful, but I begin.
"The Prussian needle-gun did not conquer France. It was
the German schoolmasters." But the higher education turns out
the schoolmasters. The higher education is not like money or
GRAND ARMY AT WASHINGTON 109
land or other property. It cannot be monopolized where free
schools exist. It is like pure air, good pavements in the streets,
or electric lights. It benefits all who are near to it. Elementary
education, all are agreed that the state should provide for, and
probably most people agree that it should be in compulsory
schools. Then higher education must be--colleges, universities,
and schools of specialties.
SPIEGEL, October 2, 1892.
MY DEAR COLONEL:- The Washington trip I dreaded. Was
a little under the weather with a mild grippe; couldn't but be
down thinking of Lucy, and in all directions I could see rea-
sons for not wanting to go. But I am glad I went. I enjoyed
it keenly. Speaking six or eight times, I warmed up and cast
off the cold or grippe and returned home in perfect health and
One point: I got an invitation from a nephew of General
Force, 1208 K Street, next square east of Sherman's, a quiet
nice place. When anybody asked where I was, my reply was,
"At a private house on K Street. But I am at Ohio Head-
quarters, Riggs House, in the morning." I wish you could
have been present. It was far better in all respects than I
anticipated. No reunion has equalled it in numbers or enjoy-
ment. The papers you see have told you all about it. A few
things. The good behavior of the affair was notable. For
example the gas [ ?] in the great tent went out early, leaving the
Society of West Virginia in the dark. It did not cause a ripple
of disturbance,--not a cat-call, nobody whistled or jeered!
I introduced speaker after speaker. Applause and decent re-
marks; no intoxication whatever; attended to business; elected
officers; no need of light! When I presented General Rosecrans
with a few words of commendation, some one called "louder"
to him; he spoke in low tones. He said, "I speak as loud as I
can." The caller said, "Well, I would like to see your face."
I called for a match, struck it and held it to his face. There was
great applause, but nothing more. Could that be beaten? And
it was typical of the good nature and good conduct of the men
and women who came together interested in the old veterans.
110 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
The soldiers brought their wives and daughters in greater
numbers than ever before--vastly more. The Washington peo-
ple did their part handsomely. The drawback was the gloom
at the White House--the absence of the President. It was a
real calamity. The opportunity to make twenty short, fitting,
nail-on-the-head speeches to the corps meetings, army society
meetings, etc., etc., which he would have had, and which he
would have done [used] so well, was perfectly ready for him.
It would, if improved as it would have been, have sent thou-
sands home brimful of enthusiasm for him. All lost. It may
be the difference between victory and defeat. But I am stringing
this out unconscionably - whew, what a word!
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
P. S. -- Fanny and I go to New York, Mohonk Lake, etc.,
etc., Thursday, 6th, and I go to Chicago 18th. I am seventy
(4th) day after tomorrow.
Second P. S. - I have just read your letter of the 26th. The
Crook business went off nicely - without the granite The strikes
did the mischief with [the] granite part. The bronze tablets
were on the ground and were regarded as good.
The Army of West Virginia had two meetings--all good.
The tide seems to have turned my way. The Loyal Legion
part of it was excellent at the Army and Navy Club. Eleven
hundred said to be in Washington. I did miss you. Nichol-
son did excellently, however.
COLONEL H. C. CORBIN.
October 3. Monday. - Read in the evening Greece in "Cham-
bers' Encyclopaedia," also of her and her heroes in Byron's
"Siege of Corinth" and in "Childe Harold."
October 4. Tuesday. - My birthday. Seventy years old
today. Now my life is as happy as that of people of the com-
mon standard; more so, I suspect, far more so.
I have tried to phrase my best lesson from the observation
and experience of the seventy years. The idea is the chief
THE LESSON OF SEVENTY YEARS 111
distinction between man and the lower animals, viz., his im-
provability by self-culture. A man can by self-culture, with
care and perseverance, "almost change the stamp of nature."
He can add to his natural faculties and powers; he can supply
defects, eradicate evil tendencies, and strengthen and quicken
all good tendencies and powers. This is the vital fact in our
nature. Washington, naturally with a violent temper, by self-
culture acquired a wonderful control over this tendency. My
tendency to nervousness in my younger days, in view of the fact
of a number of near relatives on both my father's and mother's
side of the house having become insane, gave some serious un-
easiness. I made up my mind to overcome it--to maintain
steady nerves if possible under the most trying circumstances.
In the cross-examination of witnesses before a crowded court-
house--as in the Nancy Farrer case in 1850 or 1851-I soon
found I could control myself even in the worst of testing cases.
Finally, in battle.
Once fired on by a cannon a few feet distant, breaking the
window of the car where I sat, so as to be covered with the
powder, wads, and broken glass, I did not move a particle--
not even a finger; was not in the least disturbed by shells burst-
ing near me. Recently the dentist plugging a large cavity in
a tooth said, "It will not give you much pain but it will disturb
your nerves." I replied, "I have no nerves." He said, "I think
I shall find some nerves." After he had worked away, pound-
ing, grinding, and filing for some time, I fell into a sweet sleep
in his hands, his working having a rather soothing effect!
The case of the cannon fired into the car occurred as I was
going to the first opening ceremony of the great Centennial
Exposition from Buffalo direct by a new railroad to Phila-
delphia. The train was met at all stations with a welcome to
the notabilities and to the new railroad. Bands, crowds, flags,
and cannon firing. At one place the cannon, a few feet from
the track, was to be fired just after the last car had passed.
The train stopped more suddenly than was anticipated and the
shot was fired direct into the window where I sat. The glass
cut my forehead so it bled freely. The powder and wet wads
plastered my face and eyes, etc., but I did not stir. A fellow
112 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
passenger a few seats away, as the smoke cleared off, looking
at me saw I had not stirred and thought I was killed. He
came to me. I told him in the most matter-of-fact way that I
was sure I was not hurt seriously, although I could not see and
was covered with blood.
A young friend congratulates me on my seventy years and
asks me for my opinion of education. I reply:- "Remember
that man differs from other animals in this: By habit, care,
self-culture, he can improve every faculty, add to his power,
and supply in some degree all defects. Learn to know thyself
[yourself] to the end that you may improve your powers, your
conduct, your character. This is the true aim of education; and
the best of all education is self-education."
A happy birthday. Mary, Birchard, Sherman, Webb, and
Fanny present; a good letter from Scott. At dinner, Mrs. Mil-
ler also. A drive by the High Bridge [and] the cemetery.
Cutting out trees in the grove so as to bring into view the
veteran oak near main entrance. Webb worked "like a Trojan"
(one of Uncle Birchard's phrases). Mem.:--Will call the
said oak "the Old Veteran." Veterans need not be old. Grant
called all soldiers veterans who had been under fire in battle
if they stood it well.
October 5. Wednesday. - The Bible and Shakespeare both
use birthday in the sense of anniversary of one's birthday.
Spent the day with the trees, letters, and the Chautauqua at
home; and abroad in a meeting of the Methodist Episcopal of-
ficial board. Fixed salary of pastor [at] thirteen hundred dol-
lars, the total [budget] at twenty-two hundred dollars. I notified
the board - and all agreed it was fair and best - that the pay-
ment by me of one-fourth the debt of the church depended on
paying in two years from October 4, 1892, and if I lived.
October 6. Thursday.--With Fanny and Miss Avery to
Cleveland. A good little visit, and at 8:30 P. M., on a good
train, Fanny and I to Albany.
October 7. Friday. - To Mohonk on time. A pleasant wel-
come. Dine and at room. Took the Fox Path with Mr.
Vredenburg, of Chicago, and Mr. Martin or Marston, of
NEW YORK'S GREAT PARADES 113
Brooklyn. Stood the rough tramp well. Mr. and Mrs. Pierce,
of Norwich, Mr. and Mrs. Robert Carter, of New York, Mr.
Ward, of Westchester.
October 8. Mohonk House.-In the evening came Mr.
Houghton and his daughter, General Morgan, Commissioner
of Indian Affairs, etc. Also afternoon about twenty people.
Politics with Mr. Smith, Houghton, Morgan, and Mr. Smiley.
October 9. Sunday. -Cool; gleams of sun and clouds. As
I look from my room (southwest corner, third story), I see
the extensive valley and over to the Catskills. Walked this
afternoon with Fanny to Eagle Cliff and up into the tower. A
noble view. Probably nothing finer anywhere.
October 10. Monday.-Cool, clear, beautiful. Will go this
morning to New York with Fanny to attend the Peabody meet-
ing and perhaps the naval parade tomorrow and the grand
parade Wednesday [in celebration of the quadricentennial an-
niversary of the discovery of America by Columbus].
New York, October 11. Tuesday.-A letter from Chairman
Gardner that Judge Dittenhoeffer would escort us to the naval
parade, 9:45 A. M.
The naval parade was "august." In all respects worthy.
Met the Vice-President, Mrs. Grant, Mrs. McClellan. Intro-
duced Frances to them. Escorted Mrs. Grant to the lunch.
Governor Flower most agreeable. Mayor Grant, Judge Brown,
General Horace Porter, Noble, Rusk, and a world of other
Dined happily at 60 East Seventy-ninth, Charles L. Mead's.
October 12. Wednesday. - Weather still good. The great
parade today; Slater committee; Peabody board.
At eleven with General McCook headed the procession of
notables out of [the] Fifth Avenue [Hotel] through the crowds
to the reviewing stand. Governor Flower, on the right, Vice-
President Morton next, then General Schofield. Then I came
with ex-President Cleveland. In the rear Governor Foster,
Elkins, Rusk, Tracy, etc. The United States troops first, and
so on. Now, at 4 P. M., they are still passing.
114 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
I left in an hour and attended the meeting of the Peabody
trustees. Got favorable action on Mississippi and Florida. They
will share with others the benefits of the fund, notwithstanding
their repudiation. Also got a committee not favorable to scat-
tering the fund after four years --after the thirty years of its
limit. That is as much concentration as the trust admits of in
view of Mr. Peabody's instructions and wish. The committee
consists of the chairman, Mr. Winthrop, the general agent, Dr.
Curry, Hayes, Fuller, Henry, and
One interesting question arises. When the thirty years has
expired, viz., February 1897, the then board will decide as to
continuing or distributing the fund, and if distributed, how.
Evening the Peabody banquet. Escorted Mrs. William Wirt
Henry, of Richmond, to the table. Mr. Evarts presided with
Mrs. Chief Justice Fuller. The Chief Justice escorted Fanny.
Present: Bishop Whipple, Drexel, Green, Porter, Courtenay,
Gibson, Henry, Somerville, and Endicott and Curry; Mrs.
Curry, [Mrs.] Henry, and Mrs. Pierce, Miss Henry. A quiet,
enjoyable banquet. Found Mrs. Henry a good table mate; a
firm Presbyterian, fair-minded, gracious, and interesting. She
told how my friend was "hypnotized" by Mrs. Hardy.
October 13. Thursday. New York. -Men are busy taking
down the great stands in sight from our windows. The papers
are full of the stupendous affair. It was not nearly so inspir-
ing as the G. A. R. encampment at Washington,--the proces-
sion not so long,-but a good affair of its sort. Tonight ends
it with a banquet. The tall tower on the corner of Twenty-
fifth [Street] at Madison Square was the spectacle of last night
with its electric illumination.
Dr. Curry and Dr. Gilman meet at my room at ten o'clock
on Slater business. Old friends meet me and greet me so
pleasantly; General A. G. McCook, Jacobus, Elkins, Warner
Miller, Bishop Whipple. The bishop says Winthrop said: "Tell
President Hayes we all admire and love him."
In the evening attended the banquet which wound up the
great celebration. Mayor Grant, a young man, presided; near
him Governor Flower; next on his right Vice-President Morton
MOHONK INDIAN CONFERENCE 115
and Mr. Cleveland; on his left myself, General Horace Porter,
et al. Speeches so-so, except Porter's which was so good. Mrs.
Curry, Dr. Curry, and Fanny with Mrs. Curry's sister, Miss
Pierce, in Box 23.
The Greek tried to make the most of every faculty of body
and mind. He knew that every faculty was capable of almost
October 14. Friday.- Early up and with Fanny to Mohonk.
Welcomed warmly by the generous hosts and found a large at-
tendance at the Indian Conference. Dawes and wife, Mrs.
Claflin, Houghton and daughter, Pierce and wife (both Pierces);
Joseph Cook, Theodore Roosevelt, [and] Commissioner Morgan.
Took a rowing exercise with Miss Houghton around the lake.
In the evening Conference meeting. A platform adopted. On
resolutions approving Mr. Dawes by Pierce (E. L.), I spoke
offhand complimentary of him. Also Cook, General Morgan,
Roosevelt, et al. A good wind-up of the Conference.
October 15. Saturday. - Fine weather. The most of the
friends go this morning. Mr. Houghton says liquor sellers are on
the right side of many questions. They want to be, because
they are on the defensive by reason of their business and they
are glad of a chance to offset its disgrace by counter virtues!
The cause of political apathy is general prosperity and a general
dislike by the active political elements, the workers, of the
candidates of both parties. So the very merit of the Administra-
tion prevents that interest in politics which is essential to the
triumph of its party.
October 16. Sunday.--As I look out of my room window
across the valley to the Catskills, in the mist of an Indian Sum-
mer morning, the beautiful autumnal colors of the forest in
the prime of their glory greet and gladden the old eyes. We
leave Mohonk tomorrow. "When shall we see its like again?"
After breakfast with Fanny walked to Sky Top. Stopped
in the summer-house called "Hayes Lookout"-one of the
finest views at Mohonk. Mrs. Smiley and Fanny nailed
up the name yesterday. It is on a cliff before reaching Sky
116 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
Top and commands an extensive and majestic landscape-
rocks, mountains, valleys, and different States.
A sermon by Mr. Painter,--the blessings that come to good-
ness in the lives of the lowly, the needy, and the suffering.
The pivotal idea was, the equality of privilege is the vital
point between rich and poor, lofty and lowly, prosperous and
unfortunate, viz., in the formation of character--that which
controls and determines destiny.
October 17. Monday.- Bid good-bye to our good friends
the Smileys at Mohonk and other friends about 8:30 A. M.,
and depart. . . . A very pleasant assemblage of passengers
on the Chicago limited from Albany, Vice-President Morton,
Governor Flower and staff, and, especially, Mr. and Mrs. Eras-
tus Corning, of Albany, Mr. and Mrs. Perkins, of Rochester,
(friends of Uncle's friend, Samuel Works of Lockport), Mr.
Melvil Dewey, [and] a gentleman of the Prison Congress who
resembles somewhat Warner Miller.
October 18. Chicago.--After a most agreeable all-night
swift ride, here by 10 A. M. Met at the depot by Mr. Abner
Taylor, of Chicago, formerly of Ohio, and taken in a carriage
to the Grand Pacific. Taken with Fanny to an excellent parlor
on the best floor. Visited rapidly by reporters, etc.
Afternoon, with Rutherford and Fanny out to the Fair by
the Illinois Central. Colonel Rice took us in his carriage to the
great hall, "Manufacturing and Liberal Arts." It is astound-
ing in size and beauty. "August," grows on one. Seats forty-
All surprisingly beautiful -stupendous, amazing, unequalled.
October 19. Wednesday. - Mr. Taylor came early; gave us
a carriage. A delightful drive. Lincoln statue, Grant ditto,
park and lake shore, private dwellings--all excellent.
Callers numerous. Afternoon, drove out the boulevards-
Grand, Drexel, etc. Saw the drill and inspection of the Regular
Artillery and Cavalry; the decorations. All amazingly good.
Evening the ball at the Auditorium, the Chicago. Sat with
Mrs. Burroughs, of Michigan, in seats of Supreme Court to
COLUMBIAN FAIR DEDICATION 117
which I was taken by Justice Harlan. Shook hands with a
host of people from Alaska to Georgia, Maine to Texas.
Escorted Mrs. Miles to the handsome dining-hall, six or so
stories up.-A stupendous success.
GRAND PACIFIC, CHICAGO, October 19, 1892.
MY DEAR AUNTY AUSTIN:--We came here yesterday
direct from Mohonk-leaving there at 8:30 A. M. and reach-
ing here about 10 A. M. I found agreeable recollections of
you constantly at Mohonk. Mr. and Mrs. Smiley were particu-
larly cordial in their words. The place never seemed more at-
tractive. The autumnal colors were superb.
Our New York visit was also excellent of its kind. At the
last moment--unexpected before--it was deemed best to have
Fanny come with me here. It was very fortunate that we so
decided. We find all things most satisfactory. We have one
of the finest rooms and all ---Rud, Fan, and I- live and sleep
in it altogether comfortably! It is a large elegant parlor with
no bed in sight. Called for!
MRS. L. C. AUSTIN, RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
October 20. Thursday. - 1. Civic parade. 2. Supreme
Court reception. 3. Club (Fellowship). 4. Reception of
- at the armory.
[The] Honorable Abner Taylor, a partner of C. B. Farwell,
ex-Member of Congress, proves to be a most agreeable gentle-
man to be in charge of; must recall him always with pleasure.
The most notable part of the civic parade was the Carlisle
Indian School, under Captain Pratt, marching with hoes, rakes,
spades, and other instruments of husbandry. As at New York,
[I was] everywhere greeted with enthusiasm. Governor Rus-
sell on horseback and Governor McKinley in carriage drew
The Fellowship Club in the evening was the most elegant affair
of the sort I have ever seen.
118 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
October 21. Friday.-The great day of dedication. Drove
out in procession rapidly-sun just enough veiled-with
Colonel Taylor, next behind the mayor and the Wheelmen
Number 12. Greeted with enthusiasm as soon as recognized;
stood up often; and more "Hayes," "Hayes," "Hayes" than ever
since I left the Presidency. Cheering was hearty; hand-clap-
ping and waving handkerchiefs general and hearty-more than
in any other part of the line in sight or hearing. Of course I
enjoyed it, and Colonel Taylor seemed delighted.
The military parade was beautiful and greatly enjoyed by
all of us. It was in Washington Park, as I suppose. The
great hall, 1687 by 787 [feet], was jammed full. Cavalry
trotted in and out in passages kept open. A wonderful spec-
tacle; one hundred thousand at least under one roof, ninety
thousand in chairs. Speaking all too long and of no importance;
In the evening a noble oration by Archbishop Ireland in favor
of the congresses for moral, educational, and religious [in-
October 23. Sunday.-Home again after almost three
weeks' absence at Mohonk, New York City, and Chicago, with
Fanny all of the time and with Rud P. at Chicago. An ex-
ceedingly agreeable tour.
At Chicago the following persons were very kind and useful
to me-not to be forgotten:-Colonel Abner Taylor, Member
of Congress from South District of Chicago. No escort could
have been in all respects so good. Baker, who named a three-
masted schooner after me fifteen years ago - a lucky and profit-
able vessel, still alive and doing well. William Henry Smith
and Delavan -old friends.
October 24. Monday.-The clearing out [of] our grove to
open it and give better views is altogether with good results.
I counted this morning the new stumps; one hundred and sixty-
four, and no doubt some were omitted.
The glass windows in the front door, put in since I left home,
are a cheerful improvement. - This afternoon, I with Jimmy
(Ellicott) took up the best of the Napoleon (Washington) wil-
THE DEATH OF MRS. HARRISON 119
lows and planted it near the grave of Uncle Birchard in Oak-
wood. One of Uncle's pet notions was the value to the world
of Napoleon's genius - Napoleon's wars.
Evening, read the Daily Chronicle, London, sent by the sec-
retary of the Howard Association. A liberal paper that is very
democratic in its doctrines,--e. g.: All men and women in
Great Britain ought to have the right to vote.
October 25. Tuesday.--I felt the old shadow coming over
me yesterday, due in part to the unfavorable reports about Mrs.
Harrison. She seems near her end. Lucy left us three years
and four months ago this morning.
Later.--Mr. Keeler telephones that Mrs. Harrison died this
morning. What a calamity, at such a time, has come to the
President! Nothing more crushing can be imagined. The only
relief is that she is out of suffering and that he is at the
end of this cruel suspense. I will write him a few words.
Shall I go to the funeral of Mrs. Harrison at Indianapolis?
Yes, if it is to be a general public funeral and I can do it with-
out too much exposure in night travel. I recall distinctly and
gratefully how all attentions at Lucy's funeral were felt to be
an honor to her which I greatly appreciated.
SPIEGEL, October 25, 1892.
MY FRIEND:-We reached home most comfortably Satur-
day. I find here your favor of the 7th. You say that your post-
poned September visit "shall yet be made before snow falls."
That suits all around. I am to be at home a full month. Come
soon and stay long.
I can't help thinking of the President's fate!-Lucy left us
three years and four months ago today. These dates, 21St,
25th, 28th, are sad days always; better than they were--far
better--but all of them gloom itself.
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
HONORABLE WILLIAM HENRY SMITH,
120 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
Octooer 27. Thursday.--Today I go to Indianapolis. My
message to Judge Martindale (E. B.) was answered from
Chicago: "Appropriate and desirable that you come. Dispatch
me at Indianapolis as to route and time of arrival."
October 28. Friday.- At Indianapolis. At the fine resi-
dence of Judge E. B. Martindale, one daughter and one son,
Mrs. Martindale, the judge, and [Mr.] Palmer, president of the
Chicago Fair. A noble dwelling; high ceilings, hall through the
centre, gas fires; elegantly furnished; library, etc., etc.; a most
At 9:30 A. M. in carriage with Governor Chase and President
Palmer to the depot to escort President and Cabinet [from]
funeral train to the church. Streets greatly thronged. Church
beautifully and tastefully decorated, flowers, etc. General Wal-
lace says that the church was very tasty. The clergyman, [the]
Rev. [Dr. M. L. Haines], in a plain but good way performed
his part; all so fittingly done in spite of temptations to be
sentimental or sensational. A long pleasant ride to the ceme-
tery [Crown Hill]. There a wide circle, more than a hundred
yards across, with a vast multitude of people all the way round.
The Cabinet, relatives, [and] friends went into the circle. The
fresh earth from the grave and the grave covered with ever-
greens and flowers on the evergreens. All appropriate and
I am glad I went. [I was] doubtful about it. I sent to
Judge Martindale:--"Confidential. Wish to attend funeral if
public." He replied: [As already given.]
Called with General Wallace, Judge Martindale, and General
Palmer on the President. Received cordially. Invited to go
on his train to Columbus en route home.
Dined on cars with the President. His aide, Parker of the
Navy, very polite; insisted on seeing me safely [off the train] at
Columbus at midnight; also the young gentleman of the Baltimore
and Ohio who looks after such special trains.
October 29. Saturdays. - Slept at the Chittenden, Columbus,
and after breakfast took a second breakfast with Laura. Then
MRS. HARRISON'S FUNERAL 121
October 30. Sunday.--Letters and reading afternoon and
I must begin my address for the Prison Congress. How will
this do for a first sentence? One of the tests of the civiliza-
tion of people is the treatment of its criminals.
SPIEGEL, November 1, 1892.
MY DEAR GENERAL:--I have your favor of yesterday. It
will be a good thing to meet at your home and talk over the
sketch of General Buckland. I hope to be at home all of this
and next week. I will write to Captain Lemmon making the
suggestion that we meet on the day you fix and notify us.
All well here--leaves falling fast--an old-fashioned Indian
Summer following the gusty Squaw Winter of last week.
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
GENERAL M. F. FORCE,
November 4. Friday.--To Sandusky; met after dark by
General Force and Horton and driven to the Soldiers' Home.
Met Mrs. Force, Mrs. Horton, and Judge Lemmon. After an
agreeable, social, and excellent supper, the judge (Lemmon)
and General Force joined me in reading the preparation for
General Buckland's sketch for the Ohio Loyal Legion. We
agreed to give full details of his early life--all interesting facts
showing character. This will make the sketch longer than usual,
but it is well. Talked at length on the war, etc., etc.
November 5. Saturday.- Morning spent delightfully with
Force. Visited the working buildings--after a superb dinner.
--Mem.:--Mrs. Force understands how to refresh the inner
man with the best food, excellently cooked and served, and of
the best varieties. Home about 3 P. M.
General W. A. Knapp, formerly adjutant-general on my staff,
now assistant attorney-general for Post-office Department, ar-
122 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
November 6. Sunday. - Spent the day with General Knapp.
He has an unusual memory for conversations of years ago. He
visited here about 1874. Almost twenty years ago.
November 8. Tuesday.-- Election day. The lack of in-
terest continues. Whether Harrison or Cleveland, is in doubt.
If a full discussion had been had, I think Harrison's reelection
would have come with the vote of every Northern State. As
it is, it seems to me the chance of Cleveland is the best. The
country can stand it.
Mrs. Lydia Hoyt Farmer, of Cleveland, takes up the women
of America for the Columbian Fair. She wants materials for
Mrs. Hayes' biography. I must furnish her with the material.
I send her the Howe "Ohio History," and will call to see her
with other sketches.
November 9. Wednesday.--The election is reported "a
landslide"! Even Ohio is claimed by the Democrats. As I see,
both candidates lack personal popularity. Neither excites en-
thusiasm with the active men in politics-the workers. This
has led to the most lethargic canvass ever known in a Presi-
dential contest. This is the explanation, number one; for in
such a canvass the Democrats always have the advantage. The
saloons can rally out the ignorant elements, so large in the
Democratic party. Two. The outs always have the better
chance. Three and chiefly. The labor vote, holding the balance
of power and better organized than ever before, joined the
Democrats. This is shown by the vote of the large cities, Bos-
ton, Brooklyn, New York, Chicago, and, in Ohio, notably
Youngstown and Mahoning County, Canton and Stark County,
Newark and Licking County, Akron and Summit County, and
Cleveland. They evidently thought they did not get their share
of the profits of their labor by an increase of wages. The argu-
ment of Governor Campbell steadily and persistently urged,
"Where is the workingman who gets an increase of wages and
better employment under the McKinley Bill?" Workingmen
saw the capitalists going to Europe to spend the fortunes ac-
quired in America, while labor was not in an equal degree
MR. CLEVELAND ELECTED 123
benefited by protection. So, labor, holding the balance of power,
threw its votes in favor of a change.
How about the future? At the next general election, with
a free-trade or revenue tariff enacted by the Democrats, will
Governor Campbell ask: "What laborer gets better wages by
reason of the new law?" Or will it be Governor McKinley
that will repeat that question with an emphasis that will win
back the balance of power?
Snow everywhere on the trees and the sun shining brightly
makes a gay and splendid outlook in old Spiegel.
In the eleven o'clock train to Cleveland.--Reached 891 Pros-
pect at 2:30 P. M.
Evening, called on Mrs. Lydia Hoyt Farmer. Talked fully
about Lucy. Mrs. Farmer will prepare a short sketch. Very
November 11. Friday. - For the negro: Religion, education,
and a trade. The triple key: Hand, mind, character.
The trinity: Churches, schools, workshops.
Mrs. Hayes was personally known and loved by more people
than any other woman in the world.
Reached home about 7 P. M. from Cleveland. Charley
Thompson [was] my seat-mate--an intelligent man who made
the miles seem shorter, whether as a listener to me, or as a
talker. Which was most interesting to me?
November 12. Saturday.- Scott came before breakfast. In
fine health. Surprised at the election and its defeats for his
party. We old fellows have seen too many such to feel it as
the young do. We abide in the confident hope that when real
issues, vital questions, are before the people there will be no
lethargy - few mistakes; enthusiastic support of the men and the
party which is for the country. Ohio is still in doubt.
November 13. Sunday.--Our pastor preached one of his
good, fervid sermons to a crowded church full of people. We
sit (the old-timers, the regular attendants) in the same seats
as a habit. But in fact all seats are free. Yet it must often
happen that the regulars if a little late find their seats taken.
This offends or annoys some of the brethren. I find it agree-
124 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
able. I do so like to see a crowded house. I sat in the north-
west corner where I could keep my eyes on the red star of the
"Old Kanawha Division."
November 15. Tuesday.--I am getting into form my Balti-
more talk; not much written but my thoughts begin to shape
to the affair.
November 16. Wednesday. - Made good progress with my
little speech. Warm, fluent, strong; but old straw in the main.
November 17. Thursday.--Read and wrote on the Balti-
more talk. Made fair progress.
November 18. Friday.--Gave to the printer the first half
or two-thirds of my Baltimore talk. Received from Mrs.
Farmer her tribute to Lucy. Exceedingly well done. Mrs.
Farmer is [a] daughter of a devout clergyman. She naturally
represents Lucy as a professing Christian, using the words and
phrases commonly employed - "spiritual," "deeply religious,"
"saintly." Mrs. Hayes was a woman of deeds. She believed
in following Christ literally. She could walk with publicans
November 19. Sunday.-- Mr. Albritton preached a fine ser-
mon on justification. I could not accept his doctrine, but the
morality he would inculcate and the practical duties he insisted
on were sound and well put.
SPIEGEL, November 20, 1892.
MY DEAR FRIEND:--I am glad to get your note from In-
dianapolis. You are a busy man. To get out of business is
no easy matter with a man of your faculties. But let us hope.
I go with Fanny to attend Prison Reform people at Baltimore,
Saturday, 3d [of] December. We must start the second. This
leaves small hours to talk up the first; but if the only chance,
come. Winter is upon us.
The election! The wonder is the landslide was not more
sweeping. The Democrats, I believe, carried just half of the
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
PRESIDENT UNIVERSITY BOARD 125
P. S.--Thanks for Housatonic's capital paper on Adams.
HONORABLE WILLIAM HENRY SMITH.
November 22. Tuesday.--Reached Columbus 11:30 A. M.
Found at Captain Cope's office President Scott, Godfrey, Cope,
Chamberlain, Wing, Schueller, a quorum of the trustees of the
university. Worked hard until 1 P. M. Dined together at the
Neil House and worked until 6 P. M. Dined again at Laura's.
Worked until 10 P. M. as a board.
November 23. Wednesday.--To university. Found Hayes
Hall a fine building. To be used at once for drill and dancing
rooms. Orton Hall not yet under roof.
Professor Orton happily recovering from his attack of par-
alysis. At 11 A. M. returned to Captain Cope's office and
worked until 1 P. M. Dined together at the Neil. A merry
time of good stories.
Afternoon, elected officers. In ignorance of any plan or
"caucus," I moved the reelection of Godfrey. Not seconded.
I put the vote. No yeas; but I did not take the hint. Godfrey,
as president, called for ballots. It was a complete surprise to
me when it turned out that I got all the votes except my own
November 25. Friday.-Another day that recalls the dear
one. She was in my mind the whole day yesterday. Thanks-
giving with her to guide and direct was a perpetual joy.
Tonight a musicale will enliven old Spiegel. Fanny Pease,
Lucy Keeler, and Mary Miller unite with Fanny-my darling
Fanny--to pay their debts by a social event. Mrs. Millikin,
of Cleveland, (she was Miss Severance) a musician of repute,
and a pianiste, Miss Anna Bern. The invitations are over two
hundred and fifty.
November 26. Saturday.--All but about twenty-five or
thirty accepted, and the number strained the capacity of old
Spiegel. The guests were in their best array. Fremont turns
out a gay and beautiful gathering when the effort is genuine.
126 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
It was altogether successful. Refreshments served to guests
seated. I retired at midnight.
The singing was excellent by Mrs. Millikin. It was quiet,
sweet, silver-toned, and penetrating. The [pianiste] Miss Bern
is tall [and] well-looking. A German only three months from
Germany; talks English quite well, and her playing is no doubt
good. The married ladies who are my company when I drive
were generally present, viz., Mrs. Miller, Mrs. Bristol, Mrs.
Dorr, Mrs. Pease, Mrs. Ludwig, Mrs. Dudrow; also Miss Anna
Stilwell, Miss Rosa Ames.
November 27. Sunday.-Wrote several letters. To my old
friend, Guy M. Bryan, after some months of silence. I hope
he will be as cordial as ever in his reply. His silence longer
than usual and his increasing morbid tendency always fills me
with apprehension that [he] feels hurt over something if I do
not hear from him.
Read at home the speech for Baltimore, December 3. It
sounds better, as I get more familiar with it. This the re-
verse of the common result of rereading.
November 28. Monday. --I go to Toledo this morning to re-
turn at 2:30 P. M., after seeing Professor Adams. 1. To see
if he will reconsider, if I promise to improve the inducements.
2. To get his opinion of the principal of the technical school
at Cincinnati. 3. To get his help in finding a director for our
manual training department.
December 1. Thursday. -With Fanny to Columbus. My
old friend General Potter died suddenly. Called. Met the fine-
looking, manly son Joseph. Called on Rogers. Friendly and
Called with Captain Cope and architect at the college. The
springs are probably safe. Buildings going on well.
Baltimore, December 3. Saturday. - Left Columbus at seven
last night. At Newark found General Brinkerhoff. Good man.
Reached Baltimore after a pleasant journey about 1 P. M.
Good quarters at the Carrollton.
PRISON ASSOCIATION AT BALTIMORE 127
Evening at the opera house. President Gilman and the Na-
tional Prison Association people. Cardinal Gibbons, Archbishop
-, of Oregon.
A very good attendance. The Cardinal's prayer was excel-
lent. My speech well received.
December 4. Sunday. - Fair and beautiful. Church with
the National Prison Association. A very eloquent, apt, and
valuable sermon--"timely and helpful."
Dined with Mrs. McFarland, Captain and Mrs. Bergland,
Miss Stilwell, and the boys. Afternoon, at the Maryland Peni-
tentiary, with Judge Wayland. Made talks; grand singing; a
Evening, presided at opera house. Rev. Dr. Wayland and
Charles J. Bonaparte made good and witty talks.
December 5. Monday. - A. M. A good meeting; fine paper.
P. M. At President Gilman's. Greek pictures in his fine li-
brary. Dinner with the two Waylands, Brockway, [the] Rev.
Z-, [and] Wines.
Evening at the Friends' meeting-house. Even full. A noble
and wise paper by Carroll [D.] Wright, Labor Commissioner.
December 6. Tuesday.--A. M. Meeting in Sutro Hall. An
excellent paper on police by McClaughry. P. M. At Johns
Hopkins. A few minutes' talk to the students: also by Wines,
Brockway, and Rosenau.
With Fanny to dine at Mr. Levering's. President Gilman,
Gill, attorney-general, and ten or twelve others.
Evening at the Friends' meeting-house. Dr. Jacobi of New
York gave an excellent lecture--with a large number of skulls
for illustration of his point that crime was largely due to
physical causes for which the criminal is not wholly responsible.
I made up my mind that life should not be taken for murder.
It is brutalizing in its influence on the community. That is
reason enough. But more life leaves opportunity for reform.
Another valid day!
December 7. Wednesday.-Warm and fair. A good paper
and discussion in Sutro Hall.
128 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
At 11 A. M. on steamer down Patapsco Bay to the Chesa-
peake and Annapolis. There Judge McGruche took charge of
me and we visited the room with the relics, the chapel, the li-
brary (very elegant), the Senate Chamber, where Washington
laid down the sword, with its portraits [and] its picture of the
scene, and were back to Baltimore at 5:30 P. M. On the
steamer had a paper on the "Physician's Place in Prison" by Dr.
, of Elmira, another good paper, and a paper by Dr. Ran-
som on punishments, favoring some "physical treatment"-
some of what Brockway calls "personal contact." I choked off
a "funny man," who wanted to present the "ugliest man" a
a rose (an onion), intending to give it to a very fine-looking
man, Rosenau, of Buffalo. My action was very welcome.
Evening, Mr. Sutro piloted Fanny and self to the Carrollton
Hotel. We got our tea and hurried to the depot in time for
7:15 train, Baltimore and Ohio, for Columbus after a happy
time for both of us at Baltimore. Perhaps our best meeting.
December 8. Thursday.- Reached Columbus about 12:30
and were soon among the wedding guests at General Mitchell's
for the wedding breakfast of Lilly and James Henry Heyl. A
most agreeable affair. We were, as expected, too late for the
ceremony at the church, but all as we wished. Presents, com-
pany, etc., etc., "lovely." At a small table with Mrs. Dennison.
Laura and Mrs. Collins were the company. Evening, a happy
call on Rogers and Mrs. Rogers.
December 9. Friday.-Home at 5 P. M. after two hours
and a half delay at Fostoria.
We read our novels, Fanny the Church novel of the Chau-
tauqua course-"Callias, or the Fall of Athens"-about 400
B. C., -and I the "Downfall of Napoleon the Third," by Zola.
December 10. Saturday.-All day writing letters, but the
heap on my table is still appalling. Why do people write to me
on their own affairs, and at such unconscionable length? Why
not skip all but the nub and put that in the fewest words? The
time is coming when I must use the waste-basket for the lion's
share of my correspondence.
PRISON ASSOCIATION AT BALTIMORE 129
December 11. Sunday. - Bishop Leonard preached a sermon
on Christ - the "burning question" of our time: "Getters
should be such only to be givers." An earnest, pungent sermon.
SPIEGEL GROVE, FREMONT, OHIO, December 12, 1892.
MY DEAR SENATOR: - It will give me pleasure to furnish you
with such photographs as I have. I send two of cabinet size.
The one of "age seventy" is enlarged to the size you want, and
is thought well of. I can have the one "age sixty-three" done
the same way if preferred. I can also have one age sixty-
five.-As to the period of the Presidency, I have none of
suitable size. But the boys suggest that I have the oil painting
in the White House photographed. In any event I will send
you several of the size you want to choose from. It will
gratify me to have one on your walls.
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
HONORABLE JOHN SHERMAN,
United States Senate.
December 13. Tuesday. - I go to Cleveland today and
thence to Sandusky and home about Thursday.
General Barnett writes me as to a list of jurors for the
United States Court. Will see about it. We ought not to pack
juries with men of our own party alone. I will have no part
or lot in it, if this is the rule. Will see.
At Sandusky must see as to the G. A. R. presents, and as
to Buckland sketch for Loyal Legion.
December 20. Tuesday.- Began preparing for speech at
Columbus, December 27, and spent the day for the most part
in this work. Almost finished it.
December 22. Thursday.- Finished speech for the Ohio
College Association, Senate Chamber, December 27. It is made
up of scraps of former speeches largely. Evening at the post,
G. A. R.
9 H. D.
130 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
December 23. Friday. -Visited Dr. John B. Rice, our lead-
ing physician. An able man supposed to be dying of Bright's
disease. He is greatly emaciated; has been confined to his
bed several weeks. As he grows thinner he looks more like
his brother, Dr. Robert Rice. He talks with difficulty. I kept
up a cheerful talk. He seemed to enjoy it.
We have a rifle, old-fashioned, home-made, carried by Dr.
Webb--probably not as a mounted Kentucky rifleman in the
War of 1812, but as a hunter in Ross County, Ohio, about 1825-
30. Thanks to the Cooks -Uncle William's son and daughter.
December 25. Sunday. - Snow falling, already four or five
inches deep. A "Merry Christmas," indeed. Scott came at mid-
night looking well. A. M. Heard the farewell sermon of Mr.
Barnes, after ten years and over of service as pastor of the
Presbyterian congregation. He had preached twenty-two hun-
dred sermons- three thousand if special services are counted;
[made] five hundred and fifty pastoral visits a year; [known]
thirty-five deaths of members; one hundred and sixty-four
[had] left for other places, [and there had been] three hundred
and fifty accessions to the church. A sensible sermon. Too
good a preacher for his people.
Dinner--all the family present, also Mr. and Mrs. Miller.
Afternoon, the presents to the little folks. A glorious time.
Sherman and Webb gave us a great deal of happiness. Snow-
the first day of sleighing. Drove to church in the sleigh. Cold,
dry snow but enough for use.
I go to Cleveland tomorrow to the Kenyon banquet.
December 26. Monday. - To Cleveland. Met at the Union
Depot by Dempsey, Esq., and in carriage to 891 Prospect. On
street cars at 7 P. M. to the Stillman to attend the Second An-
nual banquet of the Kenyon Association - "Kenyon College
Alumni Association." Presided over an agreeable banquet of
about fifty. Spoke at the close--a rambling speech--on old
times at Kenyon and the lasting college friendships. Illustrated by
reading a Christmas letter from my best friend Guy M. Bryan
just after midnight.
ADVICE TO McKINLEY 131
December 27. Tuesday. - To Columbus - leaving Cleveland
about 8:30 A. M.
Evening, to a fine audience in the hall of the House of Repre-
sentatives spoke on manual training before the (State College)
"Ohio College Association" - twenty-fifth annual meeting. Got
it off well. Greeted pleasantly by eighteen or twenty college
presidents, perhaps forty or fifty professors, and a large num-
ber of Franklin County Teachers' Association. Among hearers
Professor John Williams White, the famous Greek scholar,
founder of the Greek College at Athens.
Governor McKinley and wife were on the train down from
Cleveland and we had a full, good talk. I write him today as
"MY DEAR GOVERNOR: -I have slept on the question of re-
organizing the University this winter. On both grounds it
would be a mistake. 1. Not best for the cause of education.
2. Not well for your personal standing.
"1. The institution stands well, is growing in favor, needs
no change, would be hurt by a seeming partisan measure.
"2. Too much reorganization of State institutions already
for your personal interests. All appointments hurt. Five
friends are made cold or hostile for every appointment; no
new friends are made. All patronage is perilous to men of real
ability or merit. It aids only those who lack other claims to
public support. Take this for what little it is worth."
December 28. Wednesday. - Met Wilgus at Captain Cope's
office on the law school. They must raise two or three thousand
dollars for each of the next two or three years. See Andrews
and Platt. Met also the Underground Railroad author and told
him of the winters when the Ohio was frozen over, 1851-2,
1855-6(?), and the exodus of fugitive slaves.
Also of the Underground Railroad running South to slavery
with free colored men from this region.
December 30. Friday. - Today definitely declined in a letter
to Governor John W. Hoyt to act as president of an organiza-
132 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
tion to promote the enactment by Congress of legislation estab-
lishing a National University at Washington. I think well of
the measure, but its chance at present is small, and I am too
busy with other duties to give it attention.
My wedding day - forty years ago! Few of the dear friends
of that occasion remain. Lucy, Platt, Sister Fanny, Uncle
Birchard, Mother (not present), General Buckland, Dr. Davis,
Stephenson, George Jones, David Jones, Uncle and Aunty War-
ren, the uncles and aunts of Lucy, Isaac, Lucy, Margaret, all
gone. Mr. and Mrs. Herron, Laura Mitchell, Aunty Davis,
[and] Professor McCabe, remain.
January 1, 1893. Sunday. - Mr. Albritton preached well on
the benefits of last year -"benefits in each of the four seasons,
benefits in each of the twelve months," etc.
All happy New Year's days are good,--this, one of the best.
January 5. Thursday. - With H. R. Finefrock, Wilson, and
Brinkerhoff, committee of I. O. O. F., met at station
Judge H. C. Glenn, of Van Wert, and Mrs. Schouler, of Union
County, committee of Grand Lodge to look up site for an
I. O. O. F. Orphans' Home. We drove to Spiegel. Got
warmed up. Fanny dispensed coffee. When in the snow-storm
we drove over to Leppelman's place. For eleven thousand dol-
lars the buildings and twenty acres are offered. The building
is much better than I had supposed. The offer I regard as
very favorable. The visiting committee regarded the scheme
as the best yet offered -decidedly so.
Afternoon, Fanny got up a nice dinner for twelve.
January 6. Friday.- Evening at Keeler's and church.
Barnes, the presiding elder, on hand. A good pounding ser-
mon. Then quarterly conference. Pastor reported favorably
on paying church debt. Four thousand dollars to raise? Hayes,
$1000; ladies $500; old subscriptions $500; and a new subscrip-
tion of $2080 - all good. Afternoon, drove with Mrs. and Sarah
Keeler and Mrs. Pease.
LAST ACTIVITIES 133
SPIEGEL, January 6, 1893.
MY DEAR DOCTOR:--I have your favor of the first. The de-
tails and general course of our tour, I leave to you entirely. We
may go from Nashville first to Texas if that is best in your
view. My preference is to go slower than we did last year.
Also to visit Austin, Galveston, and Guy Bryan-or at least
meet him for a day or two. - I will aim to leave here February
4, expecting to reach Cincinnati that night; to go to Louis-
ville next day, and then under your wing as you may choose.
What is your hotel in Louisville? Mine in Cincinnati is the
With all good wishes for Mrs. Curry from Spiegel.
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
HONORABLE J. L. M. CURRY.
SPIEGEL GROVE, FREMONT, OHIO, January 6, 1893.
MY DEAR SIR:-All friends of prison reform feel the im-
portance of temperance. The trouble is lack of harmony among
the friends of the cause. Besides, it is a very popular cause.
Its friends are everywhere. We prefer to give special attention
to the unpopular questions--to those that need friends. I will
send your valuable resolution to headquarters--to Secretary
Milligan. Don't ask for any more "practical plans." Unite on
any one of the forty plans already before the public, and avoid
fighting among friends.
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
SPIEGEL GROVE, FREMONT, OHIO, January 7, 1893.
My father and mother were both natives of Vermont. My
father was born in the town of Brattleboro and my mother in
Wilmington. They lived after their marriage first in Wilming-
ton, and a few years in Dummerston in their native county. In
1817 they removed to Delaware, Ohio,--making the journey
134 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
with their belongings in wagons in forty-nine days. My father
died in 1822, a few weeks before I was born.
My mother made many journeys to her native State, and im-
parted a fair share of her unfailing affection for the Green
Mountains to her only son.
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
SPIEGEL, March 8, 1892.
MY DEAR SCOTT:--I came home last night by way of Cleve-
land from Baltimore. I find a heap of letters waiting me. Not
one that gives me as much pleasure as yours. You should have
seen how happy you made Webb by your two letters from Colum-
bus. "Well," he said, "'Tuss' will do. He will win his way."
We (Rutherford and I) are alone here now. Birch is unwell,
housed up at home. Rutherford visits him today.
I am too busy to write much. Your welfare is very near to
my heart. I now am happy in the thought that you will do well.
First of all, keep your conscience at the helm. Conscience is the
authentic voice of God to you. Do not be uneasy for salary or
promotion. But do strive to deserve it by fidelity and efficiency.
I think of you very hopefully.
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
SCOTT R. HAYES.
P. S.- I will subscribe for you for the [Fremont] Journal if
you have not done so.
SPIEGEL, March 19, 1892.
MY DEAR SCOTT:--I reached home from Kenyon by way of
Cleveland last evening. I find here your letter of the 15th
My trip accomplished two things. I attended the funeral of
Bishop Bedell, an old and dear friend of about thirty years'
standing. He was a noble pulpit orator, a wise man, and a
genial, interesting, and friendly companion.
LAST ACTIVITIES 135
I also gave an address in the college lecture course to a large
and enthusiastic audience in the old hall--Rosse Chapel--
where I gave my valedictory fifty years ago. I doubt if the old hall
ever rang before with such rousing cheers. It quite stirred up
and inspired the old gentleman.
I want you to think with a purpose on the question of how
to use your spare time, especially your evenings. At all times
have on hand some solid reading. Either history, biography, or
natural science connected with your present business. Do not
fail to learn all you can on your interesting department of
natural science. Watch all workmen, learn all facts, be practical
as well as a man of theories. Enough of this. Lilly goes home
on Monday.-All others well.
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
SCOTT R. HAYES.
SPIEGEL, March 26, 1892.
MY DEAR SCOTT:--Returning last evening after a two days'
visit to Mary and "all the boys" at Toledo, I was glad to find
here your letter of the 23d instant. We will look up the pictures
you mention and send them in due time.
The people at the Triangle were all in fine condition. Sher-
man has made two long steps forward. He rides with his tri-
cycle as skilfully as possible; turns corners, dodges chairs and
tables and his little Webby brother, all in excellent fashion. The
other step is still larger. We put him into jacket and pantaloons.
He was fiercely delighted; no getting them off without an in-
dignant protest. He looked well and is indeed as he insists a
"big" boy. Webb was never so interesting. He has what, I
suppose, George means by "individuality." Certainly he is very
I have had a light attack of grippe for a week past, with the
usual symptoms. Nothing serious.
I shall visit General Force at the Soldiers and Sailors' Home
next week. About the 10th of next month I go to New York
136 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
on the Slater business. It may possibly send me on another
trip South. But not if I can get rid of it. All well here.
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
SCOTT R. HAYES.
P. S.-After a diligent search I found behind Mr. Thomas
Ewing the starchy young fellows. Now, I make a condition of
sending it that you put on the picture the names of the persons,
and the date. Do this to oblige me.
FIFTH AVENUE HOTEL, NEW YORK, April 19, 1892.
MY DEAR SCOTT: - I have been here a week and have attended
to a good deal of business for the educational funds I am con-
nected with. I am now waiting for the return of an old friend,
from whom I expect assistance in regard to improvement of our
Duluth property. He (Mr. Pierce, of Norwich, Connecticut) will
be here tomorrow. When business is done a stay even in New
York is tedious.
I am glad to hear from Fanny that you write punctually.
Laura Fullerton, who is attending school here, will dine with
me this evening. After, we will call to see our other cousins -
the Howells[es] and Meads. I do not expect to reach home be-
With all love, affectionately,
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
SCOTT R. HAYES.
SPIEGEL, April 26, 1892.
MY DEAR BOY:--Just home. A pile of letters to be attended
to compels me to be curt. I hope and intend to visit Cincinnati
next week - date of Loyal Legion meeting - and will then hope
to have a good visit with you. Will stop at Burnet House.
Regards to Walter.
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
SCOTT R. HAYES.
LAST ACTIVITIES 137
SPIEGEL, May 1, 1892.
MY DEAR SCOTT: - Rutherford and Mrs. Platt have lost their
fine boy, William. He died this morning.
Of course I will go to the funeral. My intention was to go
to the Grand Hotel Wednesday morning from Columbus leaving
here Tuesday for Cincinnati. But now I do not know. Prob-
ably I shall come at that time. Birch, Mary, Webb, and the little
boys are here.
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
SCOTT R. HAYES.
SPIEGEL, May 15, Sunday, 1892.
MY DEAR BOY:--I was greatly pleased by what I saw and
learned touching your surroundings in Cincinnati. The changes
you mention in your letter of yesterday will not, I trust, be to
I am now almost entirely rid of the effects of the poison.
At Piqua we had a good fraternal season in our G. A. R. re-
union. I found all as I expected at home. Fanny and I dined
with General Force at Sandusky on the wedding day of the Gen-
eral and Mrs. Force on the 13th and at Rev. Shackelford's the
14th. Both good occasions.
Webb is here. The excessive and long continued rains are in
the way of his building.
Good-bye and good wishes.
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES
SCOTT R. HAYES.
SPIEGEL, May 24, 1892.
MY DEAR SCOTT:--I have been neglectful in not writing to
you for some time. My Decoration Day speech at Columbus has
taken the time given to the pen, together with a most burden-
some correspondence. I go to Columbus to be there 30th, 31st,
and first [of] June.
Webb is here often getting ahead with the Carbon Works as
fast as the wretched rains will permit. Miss Avery is here for
138 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
a week. Little Parmely Herrick kept the house awake three
days, visiting us with Webb.
I was much pleased with a sentence Webb read me from a let-
ter of Mr. Brady, in which he speaks well of you. A little taffy
will not harm you and it helps the old codger mightily to hear
good words about his boy! See?
I wish you could be here to enjoy the grove. It was never be-
fore so beautiful.
Superb pictures of the two Toledo brats, as Webb calls the
fine boys at the Triangle, have been taken. I would send you
mine, but I suppose Mary may have sent them to you. All well
here. With good wishes.
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
SCOTT R. HAYES.
COLUMBUS, OHIO, June 2, 1892.
MY DEAR SCOTT: - I want to ask you in confidence, by which
I mean you are not to speak of it, as to the qualifications of
Mr. Adams, the principal of the high school in Toledo. He is
named for the head of our Manual Training School in the uni-
versity here. We want an able, scholarly man of zeal and tact,
industry and perseverance. Is he such a man?
I attended General Buckland's funeral the 31st ultimo and
returned here yesterday. I probably go home tomorrow.
I rejoice to hear that you are giving satisfaction in your new
business. Take good care of your health.
We long to see you in old Spiegel again. This is a busy month
for me. But I hope we shall meet before it ends.
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
SCOTT R. HAYES.
FREMONT, OHIO, June 6, 1892.
MY DEAR SCOTT: - Your letter about Mr. Adams is in all
respects excellent. It is worth while for you to devote some
LAST ACTIVITIES 139
attention to letter writing--indeed to composition generally.
You are quite sure to be successful as a writer.
Mr. Adams would do well for our place if he had given special
attention to manual training; possibly he will answer our pur-
Webb has gone to the rumpus at Minneapolis [the Republican
National Convention]. Birch and family are as usual. Fanny
and Rud are in lawn tennis. I go to board meetings at Cleve-
land, Columbus, and Delaware and to a Loyal Legion banquet
at Cleveland - one each week this month!
Briefly - affectionately,
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
SCOTT R. HAYES.
DELAWARE, June 19, 1892. Sunday.
At President Bashford's.
MY DEAR SCOTT:--I came from Spiegel via Fostoria yester-
day morning to attend the Commencement here by listening to
the baccalaureate sermon of President Bashford today and
[taking part in] the meeting of the trustees tomorrow. I rose
before 6 A. M., and at six walked to the spring [and] drank a
tumbler of the best water in the world and now, 6:30 A. M., am
All were as usual at home. Spiegel never appeared better.
Webb is there a great deal, rebuilding the Carbon Works -a
slow business with the constant rains. I go tomorrow evening
to Columbus to a trustee meeting of the Ohio State University.
Wednesday evening I go to Gambier to be present Thursday on
the fiftieth anniversary of my graduation. Of my class, of nine
who graduated in 1842, seven are, I believe, living. An unusual
number after so long a time. I will get home about Friday or
Saturday. The next week, Tuesday (28th), I go to a Loyal
Legion affair at Cleveland. Then a vacation for me of almost
During that time I hope you can come to Spiegel and help me
"kill time"--a shameful phrase, as if we could want to murder
our best friend. I shall get off one idea at Kenyon- an old
140 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
man's advice to young fellows:--Study to know your own de-
fects; work, then, to remove or supply them, for "use [habit],"
Shakespeare says, "can almost change the stamp of nature."
Sincerely and affectionately,
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
SCOTT R. HAYES.
SPIEGEL, August 1, 1892
MY DEAR SCOTT:--Just home after exactly two weeks' ab-
sence in New England. A pile of letters to notice. Yours comes
first. I had a most happy but busy time in the heated term.
Fanny is in the Adirondacks for two to four weeks' stay with
her friend, Mrs. Dillenback, of New York.
We have the Sixteenth Regiment this afternoon to entertain.
Mrs. Bristol helps us out. I hope to be at home now for two
or three weeks.
With all love,
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
SCOTT R. HAYES.
SPIEGEL, August 3, 1892.
MY DEAR SCOTT: - All of the events of the 2d - the glorious
2d - passed off superbly - our reception, the celebration, Horace
Buckland's reception, etc. Our guests were, General Force,
Mr. Lawrence, John Mitchell, etc. The others expected did not
turn up. But it was a victory.
I send you [the] last letter from Fanny. Please return it.
We look for Huntington this morning.
Sherman grows on us all.
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
SCOTT R. HAYES.
TRIANGLE, 2112 ASHLAND, TOLEDO, September 29, 1892.
MY DEAR SCOTT:--I came over with Miss Avery to see the
good folks here and this improving town. All are well and happy.
They missed not seeing you. You are of more and more ac-
LAST ACTIVITIES 141
count in the family every day. Don't get vain, but we are all
disposed to brag about you.
It is the intention of Birch and Mary to dine with Fanny and
the old man on his birthday - Tuesday, 4th [of] October. These
presents are to notify you to come, if it is practicable. If not
we will drink your health in strong coffee all the same, and you
can do the like by us if you think of it in the fine old smoky
Fanny and I expect to go to Mohonk and New York about the
7th to remain a week or ten days; thence home and I to Chicago
on the 18th. With all affection,
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
SCOTT R. HAYES.
SPIEGEL, October 23, 1892.
MY DEAR SCOTT:--We reached home last evening from Chi-
cago after a capital time with Fanny at Mohonk and New York
City, and with Fanny and Rud at Chicago. The best things
were the whole affair at Mohonk, the naval parade at New York,
and the large building (the Manufactures and Liberal Arts Hall),
and the military parade in Washington Park, Chicago. The
roof of the big hall at Chicago covers largely more surface than
Spiegel Grove! It is two hundred and six feet from floor to
roof. It seats in its largest room ninety thousand people! It
grows on you as you observe it. Stupendous is the adjective
that you must use. Filled with people - with cavalry, artillery,
infantry--it is august.
We are all well and glad to be at home. I find your letter of
the 17th, for which thanks.
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
SCOTT R. HAYES.
SPIEGEL, October 31, 1892.
MY DEAR SCOTT:-- I am again at home after a trip to Indian-
apolis to attend the funeral of Mrs. Harrison. The whole affair
at Indianapolis was tasty [tasteful] and impressive. Indian-
apolis is a fine city with a strong healthy growth. No other
142 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
city without any navigable water is so large and prosperous. I
was the guest of a very interesting family--old friends of your
mother and of myself --Judge E. B. Martindale. There are
several young men and daughters--all of whom are to be
specially remembered by the Hayes tribe.
Your books have left at last. We were waiting for your
exact present address. I hope they will find you sooner than
a consignment of magazines to a friendly library in Nashville.
They got to their destination in about four months!
I enclose an invitation sent to you here.
I saw Mrs. Herron in Columbus on my way home from Indian-
apolis. She will probably visit Spiegel sometime next month,
Lilly's wedding with "Jim" will probably occur in December.
All peaceful here; except our favorite dog, Towser, was poisoned,
and a wheel of the carriage gave out - old age, fourteen years -
and we walk or go with "Pete" in a buggy.
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
SCOTT R. HAYES.
SPIEGEL, November 8, 1892.
MY DEAR SCOTT:--We shall be particularly glad to greet you
and your friends on Thanksgiving day, and greatly disappointed
if you do not come. - All as usual.
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
SCOTT R. HAYES.
SPIEGEL, December 16, 1892.
MY DEAR SCOTT: - Thanks for your letter. I am too crowded
to write a letter. All as usual. We shall expect you here for
Christmas to meet the Trianglers--viz., Birch, Mary, and the
boys. If any change will tell you.
"Excuse haste and a bad pen."
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
SCOTT R. HAYES.
NEARING THE END 143
SPIEGEL, January 1, 1893.
MY DEAR SCOTT:--I am glad you like the idea of the watch.
It is all you have got yet, I believe. We will hunt up the reality
one of these days. If we fail to find the intended watch I will
get you a new one. The intended watch was given to me by
Mother Webb on her death, September 14, 1866. I gave it to
Birchard and he carried it until I got Mr. Austin's fine watch on
his death in 1887, when Birchard handed his Mother Webb back
Aunty Davis is, I fear, near death's door. You would do well
to call. (If she dies I will probably come to the funeral.)
All here from Toledo today. Too cold there for the young
folks. A happy time with them.
The Kenyon affair [banquet at Cleveland] was enjoyable, but
my part of it was frivolous stuff. When you see my name, if
not mere abuse, send the scrap, It saves me the trouble of a page
in the note-book- date and all.
I expect a visit from Mrs. Herron this month; if not before,
[I] may come to Cincinnati after her.
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
SCOTT R. HAYES.
January 8. Sunday. - Heard a fair sermon by Presiding
I am a Christian according to my conscience in belief, not of
course in character and conduct, but in purpose and wish;--
not of course by the orthodox standard. But I am content, and
have a feeling of trust and safety.
P. M. I drove with Rutherford around the grave of Lucy
in the sleigh. My feeling was one of longing to be quietly
resting in a grave by her side.
January 9. Monday. 6 A. M. - I rise early to take the train
on Lake Erie and Wheeling for Columbus to attend the meet-
ing of the board of the university.
144 RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES
Let me be pure and wise and kind and true in all things!
Reached Mitchell's at 12 noon. Called on Captain Cope.
January 10. Tuesday.--Presided at meeting of university
board. Present, Alexander, Chamberlain, Schueller, Wing, and
Hayes. The business was routine except the law school. We
finally proposed to have law lectures to the amount of fifteen
hundred dollars and some decrease of the amount paid Wilgus,
say six hundred dollars off,-- or twelve hundred dollars salary
January 11. Wednesday. - Still very cold. Eight degrees
below zero. Dined with Rogers. A fine row of boys with him.
We found the Fullertons in good case. Laura a beauty, her
sister Dorothy ditto. Evening, a talk with Rev. Mr. Jones, an
able, good man.
January 12. Thursday. - Called with Cope on Governor Mc-
Kinley. Told him he was to make an address before the Agri-
cultural Convention at 10 A. M. The first notice! Committee
called for him. Soon over.
About noon, train for Cleveland. Mr. Clark and other Cleve-
land men -- an agreeable party -- on "Big Four" to Cleveland.
Arrived about 4:30 P. M. 891 Prospect Street. A good time.
January 13. Friday. - Eight above zero; a deep snow.
Called at the University School. Doing well.
[The next day, Saturday, at the railway station in Cleveland,
as he was about to take the afternoon train for Fremont, Mr.
Hayes was suddenly attacked with angina pectoris. The acute
pain was somewhat relieved by brandy, quickly administered by
his son Webb, and the journey home was made without increase
of suffering. Medical attention awaited him at home, where he
was glad at once to take to his bed -- which he was never more
to leave. Dr. Hilbish, who did everything possible to medical
skill, did not at first apprehend a fatal termination of the malady.
But Mr. Hayes felt that his hour was fast approaching. His
DEATH JANUARY 17, 1893 145
worn and weary system did not respond to curative remedies.
Tuesday night (January 17, 1892) near eleven o'clock, his noble
spirit passed peacefully into the eternal mystery of the Unseen.
Mr. Hayes's last recorded words were: "I know that I am
going where Lucy is."]
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