September 30, 1861
James F. Noble, Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio. To Governor William Dennison. Letter stating that he feared they had as great a "humbug" at Cincinnati in the person of General [Ormsby MacKnight] Mitchel as the one in St. Louis, that sensible people in Cincinnati, who had examined the maps of Kentucky, were of the opinion that the right place to defend Kentucky as well as Cincinnati was in the vicinity of Bowling Green and Munfordsville, that [Robert] Anderson and [William T.] Sherman were of the same opinion, that Mitchel thought Cumberland Gap was the right place, that Mitchel claimed the right to send Ohio troops to such points in Kentucky as he thought proper without reference to the wishes of Anderson and Sherman, that Mitchel claimed to have sole control of the Ohio troops and that even the Governor of Ohio could have no voice in the matter, that local residents were surprised to find that Ohio units were sent a roundabout way to Louisville at a greatly increased expenditure for transportation, that Mitchel's plan for fortifying the hills around Cincinnati was the height of absurdity, that the operator of the ferry boat from Covington, Kentucky observed that if there was to be fortifying, he did not see why it was not done 2 1/2 miles further south at Kennedy's farm which was a much better position, that if Cincinnati was to be defended it should be at a distance of 200 or 300 miles, that it would be better to take the money which the fortifications would cost and purchase equipment and ammunition for the men stationed at Cincinnati, including the rifle regiment, that Mitchel had sole control over the Ohio troops and no requisition on Dennison by Anderson could be attended to unless it had Mitchel's sanction, that he feared if the situation was not remedied, the most deplorable consequences might result, that he always liked Mitchel personally, but felt that Mitchel was too much disposed to exceed his authority, that Mitchel aimed to keep himself prominently before the people at the expense of the reputations of others, although no one could question Mitchel's sincere desire to benefit the cause, that there was no danger of an advance from Cumberland Gap, that no army could march from Cumberland Gap to Lexington in under a week, whereas a force could be thrown from Richmond, Virginia to Bowling Green, Kentucky in 36 hours, that he had no doubt that 50,000 Confederates would be making just such a move in the next 10 days, that troops should be sent directly to Louisville and not to every 7 by 9 town in Kentucky, and that the troops would be of no use if they could not get to Louisville until two or three days after the city was captured.
4 pp. [Series 147-7A:40]
October 3, 1861
A[lfred] W. Gilbert, Lieutenant Colonel Commanding, Detachment of the 39th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Camp Union (?), Kansas City, Missouri. To Governor William Dennison. Letter stating that Captain E[rasmus] Gest had just visited on business connected with the Ohio troops, that at Gest's insistence, he was writing to inform Dennison of the men's great need for overcoats, that there were more men on the sick list than ever before owing in some degree to the lack of proper clothing, and that the boys looked to their Governor with the belief that he would do all in his power to promote their comfort and welfare.
2 pp. [Series 147-7A:42]
October 5, 1861
Q[uincy] A[dams] Gilmore, Captain, U.S. Engineers, United States Engineer Agency, No. 5 Bowling Green, New York. To Governor William Dennison. Letter stating that he was pleased to learn that a regiment of sappers, miners, and pontoniers was to be organized in Ohio, that the obstacle in the way of engineer officers taking command of troops was the opposition of the Chief Engineer who thought his officers should have brigades, that the duties of engineer troops were so peculiar in themselves and so widely different from those pertaining to infantry or artillery that he was offering his services to instruct the regiment about to be formed, that he served four years with the company of sappers, miners, and pontoniers raised for the Mexican War and had sole responsibility for preparing the pontons and bridge trains now in service, that he had just sent the Army of the Potomac a bridge train with inflated pontons capable of spanning a river 800 feet wide, that he was at present attached to General T[homas] W[est] Sherman's expedition as Chief Engineer and would probably leave New York for parts unknown to the public in a few days, that his friend, General [Alexander McDowell] McCook, was interested in procuring him a brigade from Ohio, and that his desire was to be placed where he could be of the most use to his country.
2 pp. [Series 147-7A:43]
October 8, 1861
Lewis D. Campbell, Hamilton, Butler County, Ohio. To Governor William Dennison. Letter stating that he had written a letter to [Columbus] Delano on the subject of a Major for the 69th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry and a letter to Dennison, that he had just received information which led him to conclude that Dennison should postpone any appointment until they could meet, that prospects were flattering for the 69th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and that they would soon fill up the regiment.
1 p. [Series 147-7A:45]
October 8, 1861
E[rasmus] Gest, Captain and Aide, Kansas City, Missouri. To Governor William Dennison. Letter stating that the sickness existing in the 27th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry and 39th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry had not increased, that Surgeon [Oliver W.] Nixon did not believe the sickness resulted from improperly prepared food or quartering, but instead originated principally from an infectious atmosphere, that on several occasions, he had seen the commands of the 27th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry and the 39th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry in battalion drill, on parade, and at inspection, that the men handled their arms and drilled well aside from the effect produced by some bad line marching as companies, that it was evident company drill was being neglected, that Colonel [John W.] Fuller, Colonel [Alfred W.] Gilbert, and Major [Edward F.] Noyes agreed and complained about some of the Captains, that the appearance and behavior of the men of both regiments was remarkably good, that there was a marked absence of complaint among the Ohio troops, that Kansas City was a city of deserted buildings, that Missouri presented a sad picture and if the war ended immediately, her recovery would be
years in the future, that Dennison would be surprised at the numerous fine brick buildings in Kansas City, that Ohio was fortunate in the adoption of the dark blue uniform since its effect was to give the men a genteel appearance and made their officers taller in stature than they really were, that [Samuel Davis] Sturgis returned all the runaway slaves while Jim Lane told the masters that he had no objection to their slaves being returned provided they wanted to go, that Lane said he recognized the Fugitive Slave Law in his camp, that when asked the question what he would do if the master came and attempted to use force, Lane replied that he would use force also, that, in other words, only a civil officer with proper writ could get the slave, that Lane foraged to a material extent upon rebel property, that a large portion of Lane's "motley" troops were dressed in all manner of costumes and armed with varieties of guns, that Lane's mounted troops were on every imaginable shade, condition, and breed of horse, that there was no fellowship between Sturgis and Lane, that both men were viewed favorably by their own officers, that Sturgis was never with or among the men, bragged about not getting up before 10 in the morning unless compelled, and lounged about his headquarters in a
village tavern, that the tavern's bar room was often favored by Sturgis' presence, that Lane was camped with his men and constantly about, that a sudden foray upon Kansas City by a respectable body of the enemy would result in certain capture of the city, that there had been no preparation for the defense of the city other than the construction and occupation of one small Home Guard earthwork incapable of resisting 12 pound shot, that while the more intelligent portion of Missouri's citizens, whether slave holders or not, were said to be Union men, it was a fact that the bulk of Missouri's citizens were with the South, that the method of warfare of the enemy was of such a character that to be sucessfully combatted, a system different from that in vogue by the North must be adopted, that until there were Brigadier Generals in charge who would assume responsibility and act with energy according to their own views of the situation and had at least an equal number of light cavalry and infantry, Federal troops west of the Mississippi River would not enjoy permanent success, that the rebel citizen must be made to feel that he could not leave his home in charge of his women and children and the ground to be tilled by his Negro with impunity, that it would not do to leave the confiscation of the rebel citizen's personal property or the freedom of his Negroes to the slow process of the civil law, that punishment must be sudden, certain and the more unexpected the better, that the only way to handle the Negro question was for the army to have nothing to do with the abstract issue and treat all men roaming about, regardless of their color, as Freemen, that the Negro was only a slave by the power or right of might and by the same power was free, and that once beyond the limits of the Government in which only the protective slave law existed, the Negro was free.
8 pp. [Series 147-7A:44]
October 8, 1861
P[eter] Odlin, Dayton, Montgomery County, Ohio. To Governor William Dennison. Letter stating that he had seen a shameful attack upon Dennison in the Dayton paper relative to an appointment in the 1st Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry and would answer said attack, that Dennison had friends in the Miami Valley who would stand by him, and that he had seen the notice of his son's appointment as a Major; thanking Dennison; and stating that his son deserved the appointment, and that while one of his old friends from Dayton had been engaged in serving his family, Dennison had rewarded merit.
1 p. [Series 147-7A:46]
October 10, 1861
C.D. Coffin, Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio. To My Dear Sir [Governor William Dennison]. Letter stating that Judge Carter had visited the previous evening and requested him to write or visit Dennison on his behalf, and that Carter was poor, as any man would be who had served the State so many years at $1,500 per year; and asking what could be done to aid Carter.
1 p. [Series 147-7A:47]
October 11, 1861
John W. Fuller, Headquarters, 27th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Kansas City, Missouri. To Dear Captain [Erasmus Gest]. Letter stating that his men had no tents and were ordered to leave the poor quarters he found for them for none at all, and that the nights were cold and the rain fell in torrents yet not an overcoat had been furnished; asking if it was any surprise that he had so many in the hospital; stating that some of his men who were suffering from measles or chills had begun to think they were forgotten and to care little whether they lived or died; pleading with Gest for tents and overcoats; and stating that if no more notice was taken of his call upon the Governor of Ohio than was paid to the same call on the Quartermaster at St. Louis, he would feel that great injustice was being done to the 27th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
2 pp. [Series 147-7A:49]
October 11, 1861
A[lfred] W. Gilbert, Lieutenant Colonel Commanding, Detachment of the 39th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Kansas City, Missouri. To Captain E[rasmus] Gest. Letter stating that the men of the 39th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry were very much in need of clothing, that his command consisting of five companies of the regiment were also in need of tents, that he was very anxious to obtain the articles without delay, that they could not do without the articles since soon the season would be so far advanced that it would be impossible to move the men from quarters, and that many of the men now had measles and other chills.
1 p. [Series 147-7A:48]
October 12, 1861
C.D. Drake, St. Louis, Missouri. To Governor William Dennison. Letter stating that he had tendered his services to the Secretary of the Treasury for the office of Commissioner of Taxes, and that business in St. Louis was almost entirely destroyed and the courts were in a state of indefinite suspension; asking Dennison to assist him in obtaining the position he was seeking; stating that in the late Presidential canvass he was not a member of the Republican Party, but supported [Stephen A.] Douglas, that his efforts did much to prevent the success of the [John C.] Breckinridge faction in Missouri, that from the first outbreak of secessionism, he had taken an uncompromising and unqualified stand for the Union and had supported the Administration, and that his stand had seriously affected his professional business; and requesting Dennison to send a letter to [Salmon P.] Chase on his behalf.
2 pp. [Series 147-7A:51]
October 12, 1861
Erasmus Gest, Captain and Aide, St. Joseph, Missouri. To Governor William Dennison. Letter recounting his visits to Ohio troops and his attempts to obtain supplies for the 27th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry and the 39th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry; stating that many houses in Missouri had been abandoned, and that by far the majority of Missourians, excluding the Germans, were secessionists; recounting events leading up to and during the Confederate siege of Lexington, Missouri; and stating that the common talk of officers and citizens in St. Louis and where he had been since was that the Federal army was too slow in its movement and that [Sterling] Price's army would disperse on the approach of the Federal army, that there was something wrong in the Administration Department of the army and a totally inefficient system of signals and couriers as evidenced by the lack of intelligence received by [John] Pope while commanding the District of North Missouri, that General [Jim] Lane had remarked that to delay action until receiving instructions from headquarters was disastrous to the Government's interest as was the toleration and protection offered the personal property and slaves of the avowed rebels, that the exorbitant prices paid to rebel or loyal citizens of Missouri by the Government and members of the army for articles of whatever kind afforded the means of continued resistance to rebel citizens and made it the interest of loyal citizens to prolong the contest, that victory in Missouri required an active, moving army divided into small brigades under vigorous, and daring yet discreet commanders who would always be on the alert and ready to strike unexpectedly, that the Government, even if backed by the purses of England and France, could not withstand the "prodigality" shown in her expenditures thus far and in the unnecessary waste and ill-advised expenditures that were from time to time seen, especially in Missouri through the incompetency and lack of energy and administrative ability of many of the officers, that it took something besides military education to fill military positions to the best advantage of the country, and that the hopeful view he took of the war before leaving Ohio was now dispelled.
11 pp. [Series 147-7A:50]
October 14, 1861
Simeon Nash, Marietta, Washington County, Ohio. To Governor William Dennison. Letter stating that the ladies of Gallipolis had contributed time and supplies to benefit the sick soldiers and that no town had done more in this respect than Gallipolis, that Gallipolis was now General [Jacob Dolson] Cox's depot and base, that no provision had been made for a general hospital, that when wounded and sick men began arriving in Gallipolis, the Union schoolhouse was used as a hospital on a temporary basis although it was not properly equipped for the purpose, that when school was scheduled to begin, the sick were transferred to some vacant houses which were found to be unfit and insufficient, that when Dr. Griswold came, he forced a change and retook the schoolhouse saying it must be properly equipped, that the "gross neglect" of failing to provide a hospital should never have occurred, that General [Jacob Dolson] Cox should have seen to it that a properly equipped hospital was established before he went into western Virginia, that deficiencies in clothing, etc. should have been anticipated early in the summer, that the Government at Washington should have put the whole manufacturing capacity of the nation to work until the necessary supplies were provided in ample quantities for all contingencies, that farmers and the Government were being cheated by the system of buying horses, that the Government should have a man of character and judgement in each county who knew the horses he bought and what they were fit for, whether cavalry, artillery or as draft, that if blankets could not be obtained, comforters could be made in almost any quantities, that he had written home to have Gallipolis and Gallia County residents start making socks, comforters and blankets and to collect all the spare ones currently in family use, that Gallia County would do its part in the noble work of providing for those who were risking life and health in the camp and battlefield, that local women had furnished Captain [Charles C.] Aleshire's company (Company G) with both shirts and blankets before it left Gallipolis in May, that it was the only company that was so supplied in the 18th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry (three months' service) when it went to western Virginia, that he was glad General [Charles R.?] Woods had resigned, that Woods was universally cursed by those who had business with him, that Dennison had suffered for Woods' sins, that he had made war speeches and would not hesitate to do so again whenever he had the chance, and that he wanted the rebels to come out of the war as naked as they came into the world.
7 pp. [Series 147-7A:52]
October 16, 1861
Erasmus Gest, Captain and Aide to Governor of Ohio, St. Louis, Missouri. To Major General [John C.] Fremont. Copy of letter regarding a requisition for overcoats from Colonel [John W.] Fuller of the 27th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry; stating that Fuller's men were without winter clothing, tents, or overcoats and under marching orders, that there was much sickness, including measles, among Fuller's men, and that the need for overcoats was pressing; and requesting that Fremont issue a special order.
1 p. [Series 147-7A:53]
October 16, 1861
William Wing, Zanesville, Muskingum County, Ohio. To Governor William Dennison. Letter regarding the condition of Ohio forces in western Virginia and the reports in circulation prejudicial to the character of Colonel [Isaac H.] Marrow as a loyal man and officer of the 3rd Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
6 pp. [Series 147-7A:58]
October 22, 1861
A[rchibald] G.A. Constable, Captain, 11th Independent Battery, Ohio Volunteer Light Artillery, Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio. To Governor William Dennison. Letter enclosing drafts of an artillery water cart and an 8 inch howitzer for Dennison's inspection and approval; and stating that the water cart was his own design, that twenty of the water carts had been constructed by order of Major General [John C.] Fremont, that the water carts appeared to have given entire satisfaction to all the educated artillery officers who had an opportunity of inspecting them, that the box on the limber was designed for a horse medicine chest, that the howitzer was one in use by the Royal Indian Artillery and was perhaps the most perfect weapon for defensive operations, and that the howitzer's comparative lightness gave it the advantage of mobility. Together with a drawing of a water cart for field batteries designed by Captain A.G.A. Constable, Ohio Volunteer Artillery, U.S.A. (scale - 1.50 inches to a foot); and a drawing of an 8 inch iron howitzer (length of howitzer - 4 feet; calibre - 8 inches; weight of howitzer - 2352 pounds; weight of carriage - 2464 pounds; weight of limber - 822 pounds).
3 pp. [Series 147-7A:62]
October 26, 1861
W. Smith Irwin, Mt. Gilead, Morrow County, Ohio. To I[saac] J. Allen. Letter regarding an individual who was attempting to raise a company and who had been strongly urging the county military committee to recommend an extension of his time.
2 pp. [Series 147-7A:54]
October 27, 1861
Erasmus Gest, Captain and Aide, Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio. To Governor William Dennison. Letter regarding requisitions for the 27th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry and the 39th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
2 pp. [Series 147-7A:55]
November 6, 1861
E[rasmus] Gest, Captain and Aide, St. Louis, Missouri. To Governor William Dennison. Letter stating that he had succeeded in obtaining all of the clothing for the 27th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, except for jackets, that he would endeavor to impress upon the Ohio units the importance of promptly making their requisitions and detaching an officer to present himself daily to the proper department until all the articles were supplied and forwarded since only commissioned officers of the regiment or company could receipt for or draw supplies, and that recent disclosures seemed to indicate either he was mistaken in not questioning [John C.] Fremont's integrity or Fremont was "hopelessly an imbecile"; detailing some questionable contracts; recounting the military situation in northern Missouri; and stating that if the administration would give him 3,000 of the troops currently in northern Missouri, he would effectively cure secessionism in that section in 60 to 90 days, and that there were more Union troops in Missouri than wanted.
4 pp. [Series 147-7A:56]
November 16, 1861
J. Warren Keifer, Major, 3rd Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Camp Elk Water, [western] Virginia. Report on the activities of the 3rd Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry during the Cheat Mountain campaign in September, and the conduct of Colonel [Isaac H.] Marrow during the campaign.
4 pp. [Series 147-7A:59]
November 16, 1861
William Wing. Report on the condition of the 3rd Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry and other forces at Camp Elkwater, western Virginia, and Colonel [Isaac H.] Marrow.
3 pp. [Series 147-7A:57]
November 18, 1861
Simeon Nash, Gallipolis, Gallia County, Ohio. To Governor William Dennison. Letter stating that on November 16, the citizens of Gallipolis were astonished by the arrival of the 48th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry with a section of artillery, that he knew local residents were somewhat scared by the raid on Guyandotte although he did not believe there was any imminent danger, and that all they needed at Gallipolis were 2 or 3 companies with some artillery; recounting the situation in western Virginia; and stating that he wanted to see the war carried on during the winter in the South, that the policy of the administration must be more decisive and ongoing or it would not have a friend in the west by Spring, that Tennessee must be occupied or at least eastern Tennessee, that their rulers as officers were too frightened and lacked audacity in their movements, that he feared [Abraham] Lincoln did not want war in earnest, that many people were losing confidence in Lincoln's administration, that he feared [William Henry] Seward was expecting a repetition of the parable of the prodigal son, and that they must put their iron heels on the prostrate necks of the southern people before peace could again return.
4 pp. [Series 147-7A:60]
November 20, 1861
R.B. Warden, Columbus, Franklin County, Ohio. To Governor William Dennison. Letter offering his services as a soldier.
2 pp. [Series 147-7A:61]
C.G. Comegys. To [Governor William Dennison]. Incomplete letter asking if Ohio's third of the 350,000 could be prepared by November 15; and stating that all spare hours could be devoted to company drill with frequent regimental drill and several short periods of camp life preparatory to the campaign, that if arms and ammunition could be procured for the cavalry, artillery and infantry, the people would arrange for transportation, provisions and camp equipage, that the rich and the poor, the high and the low, must plunge into the war as a great public necessity, that every man must go or be willing to go rather than just the enthusiastic young men and laboring population, that the war ought to be over by the Spring, that if the rebellion was not put down in the next six months, he feared that England and France would insist upon recognition of the Confederate States thereby leading to the demoralization and financial ruin of the northern states, that the whole cost of the war should be levied as an export duty on those bales of cotton which were the fulcrum of the lever intended to overturn the Government, that it was necessary to put Ohio and all the northern states on a thorough war footing since he believed that the General Government was currently "incompetent" for so great a work, and that his children were the grandchildren of Ohio's first governor, Edward Tiffin.
4 pp. [Series 147-7A:2]