Link to Online Collection Catalog
Link to OHS HOME page
Link to CONTACT OHS page
Link to OHIO HISTORY STORE website
Link to OHS CALENDAR page
Link to OHS PLACES page
Link to OHS RESOURCES page
Link to the ABOUT OHS page
Link to SEARCH OHS page
OHS home


CIVIL WAR
DOCUMENTS


ARCHIVES/
LIBRARY


ONLINE
RESEARCH
TOOLS

ONLINE
DOCUMENTS

ONLINE
SERVICES

August 28, 1861
W. K. Upham, Canton, Stark County, Ohio. To Governor William Dennison. Letter informing Dennison that Captain C.F. Manderson made a speech the previous evening before an immense audience vindicating himself from the attacks of the Stark County Democrat; requesting that Manderson be given authority to immediately proceed with raising a company; and expressing confidence that Dennison would be as glad to do justice to a gallant officer as he had been prompt to call said officer to account. A copy of Manderson's speech is included with Upham's letter.
8 pp. [Series 147-7A:20]

August 29, 1861
C. G. Comegys, Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio. To Governor William Dennison. Letter stating that he had just returned from Kentucky, that the conflict was expected to begin there at any time, possibly as early as that afternoon at Cynthiana, that the whole available Southern force was on the Kentucky frontier, and that he had been told that 60,000 rebels would march into Kentucky the moment the struggle began there, that 40,000 Kentucky rebels would join them, and that this vast, vindictive, desperate force would hurry forward by forced march to Cincinnati; requesting that Dennison take further action to defend Ohio (including the raising of one hundred thousand troops); and stating that the federal government was absorbed with the defense of Washington, and that they were forgotten and must take care of themselves.
3 pp. [Series 147-7A:21]

August 30, 1861
Simeon Nash, Gallipolis, Gallia County, Ohio. To Governor William Dennison. Letter furnishing more details regarding the attack upon the 7th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, in particular that the unit was ordered to move by General [Jacob Dolson] Cox against the wishes of Colonel [Erastus B.] Tyler; stating that Tyler's men fought like "demons", that there was ignorance on the part of Cox as to the movements of the enemy, that Cox was said to be scared, but ought to hold Gauley Pass at all cost since it was a key to western Virginia, that he hoped Cox would be relieved at once in order to maintain Union possession of the Kanawha Valley, that the valley was of great value to the rebels because of its salt, and that he had heard that Cox had more to fear from his own men in case of a battle than from the enemy; and recommending Joseph Brodberry of Gallia County for a military appointment.
8 pp. [Series 147-7A:22]

August 31, 1861
James F. Noble, Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio. To Governor William Dennison. Letter asking if there was a way of stopping recruiting in Ohio for General [John C.] Fremont's Division; and stating that with thousands of Ohio men in the field serving in organizations from other states, Ohio ran the risk of being charged with not having contributed its quota to the war, that he did not know what sort of commission Dick Corwine and John A. Gurley had, but authority or no authority, they were making unheard of efforts to send men to Fremont, that recruiting officers were becoming as numerous in Cincinnati as coffee houses, that Fremont already had 70,000 men under his command, which was twice as many men as officers such as [Nathaniel] Lyon would have needed to clear Missouri of the rebel forces, that such a large force was supposedly intended to clear the Mississippi River, that he had no confidence in Fremont's ability to command a large body of men, that no army should be sent down the Mississippi until New Orleans was in Union hands, that an army of 20,000 men sent by sea to New Orleans would be more successful than 100,000 sent down the Mississippi, that if an army was sent to New Orleans by way of the gulf, it should consist of western men from the border free states, that the army in western Virginia should be reinforced by troops from northern and eastern Ohio, that the regiments to be raised in southern Ohio should be retained at home for the present since they might be needed in Kentucky, that salt was selling in Charleston for 2 cents per pound, and that the salt works in the Kanawha Valley were a rebel objective.
3 pp. [Series 147-7A:23]

September 5, 1861
F[lamen] Ball, Office of District Attorney, U.S. Southern District of Ohio, Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio. To Governor William Dennison. Letter introducing L. Ruffner of the Kanawha Salines, Virginia who was formerly a member of that state's Union legislature; and stating that Ruffner was earnestly devoted to the Union cause and sought aid in fitting out his neighbors in western Virginia for the performance of active service against the rebels, and that Ruffner was a man in whom Dennison could place the most implicit confidence.
1 p. [Series 147-7A:24]

September 9, 1861
Horace T. Beebe, Ravenna, Portage County, Ohio. To Governor William Dennison. Letter stating that soldiers returning from western Virginia on furlough had reported that great jealousy existed between Colonel [Erastus B.] Tyler of the 7th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry and General [Jacob Dolson] Cox, that Tyler had expected to be called into service as a General before Cox and felt passed over, that Tyler felt further slighted when [James A.] Garfield presumed to be a candidate for the position of Colonel in the 7th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, that Tyler's old political friends (the "White flag Democracy") were extremely sensitive on the subject of Tyler's military standing and that some of them were ready to say that Dennison had shown political favoritism in appointing Cox, that he felt it his duty to advise Dennison, and thereby Cox, of the feeling said to exist at Gauley so that Cox might be on his guard, that he regarded Cox as a good officer, and that he had very little confidence in Tyler.
3 pp. [Series 147-7A:26]

September 9, 1861
Simeon Nash, Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio. To Governor William Dennison. Letter taking the Western Reserve men to task for failing to stand by the Republican Party and the administration; stating that his son William wanted to leave the telegraph office at Clarksburgh and obtain the post of Quartermaster; recommending local doctors for appointments as Surgeons; providing an assessment of his brother, Sam A. Nash, who sought an appointment; and stating that Aaron Rife, who had been Sheriff of Gallia County, was an honest, industrious man capable of performing ordinary business connected with the Quartermaster Department or Commissary Department.
8 pp. [Series 147-7A:25]

September 12, 1861
M. Greenwood, Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio. To D. L. Wood, Quartermaster General of Ohio. Letter stating that per Wood's instructions, he would have twenty per cent of the muskets to be rifled for the State of Ohio supplied with back sights as originally designed, that with regard to Wood's order for bronze guns, he had already accepted an order from General [John C.] Fremont to send him all the cannon that he could make, except for a battery previously engaged by the City of Cincinnati, up to October 15, that he was willing to supply Wood with either 24 or 72 guns at the government price of 55 cents per pound (rifling extra), that if the price suited Wood, he would proceed at once to put up another furnace so as to begin making the guns, that the delay caused by building the furnace would be about ten or twelve days, and that the price of metal under the present demand was constantly advancing.
2 pp. [Series 147-7A:29]

September 12, 1861
James F. Noble, Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio. To Governor William Dennison. Letter stating that he had written Dennison previously on the subject of the recruiting done locally for General [John C.] Fremont and expressed the opinion that if such recruiting was not stopped, they would never be able to fill out the Ohio regiments, that fully 5,000 men had gone from southern Ohio and not less than 1,000 men had been dispatched that week from the principal recruiting station on 4th between Main and Sycamore, that these men went to St. Louis and were incorporated into regiments of other states which got the credit at Ohio's expense, that Ohio was getting roundly abused for not having contributed more men to the war when in truth she had done fully as well as her sister states, that Ohio had been the goose from which the feathers had been plucked, that he thought they would have "hot work" in Kentucky in a few days, that he thought one half the force raised in Ohio should be for use in Kentucky and the other half in Virginia, that he thought half the force in Indiana should be for Kentucky, 1/4 for western Virginia, and 1/4 for Missouri, that given where Ohio and Indiana were situated, he did not think they should be called on to assist in taking care of Missouri when their own borders were threatened, and that in order to fill out Ohio's regiments, there was serious talk of drafting. See [Series 147-7A:23].
3 pp. [Series 147-7A:28]

September 12, 1861
James F. Noble, Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio. To Governor William Dennison. Letter stating that according to the newspapers, Colonel G.W. Morgan had returned to the United States, that he was not acquainted with Morgan, but remembered that Morgan had ranked among the top officers from Ohio during the Mexican War, that he had always believed that northern men made better soldiers than "cottondom" could furnish, that if their men had good officers, he would have no fears of the result, that Morgan's services should be secured for Ohio, and that Morgan's appointment to a high position such as Brigadier General would be a very judicious as well as popular one.
2 pp. [Series 147-7A:27]

September 19, 1861
E[rasmus] Gest, Captain and Aid, Planters House, St. Louis, Missouri. To Governor William Dennison. Letter stating that he had reported at the headquarters of the Department of the West; recounting his visits to Ohio troops serving under General [John C.] Fremont; and stating that there was a critical need for winter clothing such as overcoats, and that the men had not been paid for want of special orders.
4 pp. [Series 147-7A:32]

September 19, 1861
James F. Noble, Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio. To Governor William Dennison. Letter stating that they were about to have "hot work" in Kentucky, that he was afraid their friends in that state were not as well prepared for immediate action as could be desired, that they might be called upon to help them, that two regiments had recently left Camp Dennison with a supposed destination of western Virginia, and that he was informed that one of these regiments had not yet left Ohio soil and remained at Gallipolis; asking if it would not be wise to delay the departure of that regiment until more was known regarding the situation in Kentucky; and stating that Cincinnati and Ohio had to be defended at Cumberland Gap and that Indiana would take care of Louisville and south, that he felt some anxiety about Kentucky since his only sister resided in that state, and that he expected to leave for Kentucky that morning to bring his mother home.
2 pp. [Series 147-7A:30]

September 20, [1861]
T.J. Cram. To Governor William Dennison. Letter thanking Dennison for the interest shown in his advancement to the post proposed; and stating that he would be ready to serve in any capacity, and that he would be in Philadelphia for a few days and then at Old Point Comfort, Virginia.
1 p. [Series 147-7A:31]

September 21, 1861
Richard Delafield, U.S. Corps of Engineers. To ? Letter of recommendation for Captain A.Q. Gillmore of the Corps of Engineers; and stating that Gillmore wanted to make himself more useful in advancing the country's welfare than his current duties would permit, that Gillmore aspired to the command of troops operating against the enemy, that Gillmore's position in the Corps of Engineers had placed him constantly among troops of the line and given him a better opportunity of staying acquainted with the details of infantry, artillery, and cavalry tactics than most officers of the staff corps, and that he was confident of Gillmore's abilities.
2 pp. [Series 147-7A:33]

September 21, 1861
E[rasmus] Gest, Captain and Aid, St. Louis, Missouri. To Governor William Dennison. Letter recounting his visits to some of the Ohio troops serving under General John C. Fremont and his plans for traveling from post to post in order to visit the rest.
4 pp. [Series 147-7A:34]

September 23, 1861
Charles P. McIlvaine, Norwalk, Huron County, Ohio. To Governor William Dennison. Letter stating that he had been at the funeral of President [Lorin] Andrews on September 21, and was on the way from Gambier when he met Mr. Cooke of Columbus who told him of the letter Andrews had written when he first offered himself for the service of the country, and that he thought it would be useful to publish Andrews' letter in connection with the address which he had delivered at the funeral; requesting that a copy of Andrews' letter be sent to him at Cincinnati; stating that he thought publication of the letter would be beneficial for Andrews' regiment; asking if there was an individual named Beverly Randolph Codwise among the prisoners at Columbus, who had been taken in western Virginia; and stating that he hoped Dennison had a satisfactory trip to Washington, D.C., and that he was glad the visit had resulted in the arrangement of General [Ormsby M.] Mitchel's department [Department of the Ohio], especially along 15 miles of the border with Kentucky.
2 pp. [Series 147-7A:35]

September 24, 1861
Simeon Nash, Gallipolis, Gallia County, Ohio. To Governor William Dennison. Letter stating that the original plan of letting certain men who aspired to be Captains, Colonels, etc., raise companies and regiments had worked well enough for a time because companies could quickly be raised in any county, but that such was no longer the case, that it was now difficult to fill up a company in many counties, while parts of companies could be raised in almost any county, that these parts of companies ought to be secured and connected together in order to form companies and regiments, that it seemed a change in the method of raising volunteers was called for in order to fill up the regiments not full and to fill the vacancies in regiments caused by sickness and casualties, that the regiments in the field ought to be kept filled, that a recruiting officer should be appointed in each county, open a station and receive all those who wished to volunteer, swear them in at once, and as a few were collected, send them off to instruction camps where they might, with others, be worked into companies and then into regiments or be sent forward to fill up regiments in the field, that with recruiting stations and camps of instruction and organization, well-drilled recruits might always be ready to cover any losses sustained by regiments in the field, that he presumed numerous squads might be obtained in the various counties at once, that Gallia County might furnish 25 to 50 men in a week or two, while it would be impossible to raise a company, that the persons appointed to enlist need not be active officers, that his area of Ohio had promised some 2,000 or more men to Virginia regiments, that their men went to Virginia because they were received and provided for at once, that there were 100 or more men in Gallia County who had agreed to go, but since full companies could not be obtained, they had been disbanded and returned home, that men should no longer be compelled to provide for themselves while the company was filling up, that Ohio was suffering in comparison with other states because she had numerous regiments nearly full which did not count at present, that the current emergency called for more men than they had if they did not wish for more disasters, that they had experienced a disaster in Missouri and might have another in western Virginia unless care was taken to reinforce General [William S.] Rosecrans, that if the rebels sent troops from Manassas to Lewisburgh, and they could do it by rail all the way, Rosecrans' columns would be in danger, that Rosecrans should have force enough to render a reversal impossible, and that General [Robert C.] Schenck had gone up the Kanawha River earlier in the day to join Rosecrans.
7 pp. [Series 147-7A:36]

September 24, 1861
J.H. Sullivan, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company, Washington, D.C. To Governor William Dennison. Letter stating that it seemed evident the Confederate leaders expected to accomplish more by surprises and strategic action than by strength, that it seemed prudent to provide for every possible contingency, and that neglect could yield momentous results as demonstrated by the late disasters in Missouri; warning of the danger in western Virginia, and Confederate determination to destroy the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad; stressing the importance of railroads to the war effort on both sides; and urging the Government to protect the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.
7 pp. [Series 147-7A:37]

September 26, 1861
J.H. Sullivan, Washington, D.C. To Governor William Dennison. Letter referring to his September 24, 1861 letter regarding the reopening of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.
1 p. [Series 147-7A:38]

September 28, 1861
E[rasmus] Gest, Captain and Aide, St. Louis, Missouri. To Governor William Dennison. Letter recounting his visits to some of the Ohio troops serving under General John C. Fremont; and stating that thus far, no complaint had reached him either as to quantity or quality of food, that difficulties encountered by the officers of the Ohio companies in obtaining supplies originated partly from not making out full requisitions and listing articles coming from different departments on the same sheet, that the Groesbeck Regiment (39th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry) wanted clothing, that Austrian muskets were being furnished to the soldiers and the Germans seriously objected to receiving them, that everyone he had met manifested a deep feeling of anxiety and doubt regarding Fremont's ability to force a concentration of the rebels and bring about a pitched battle, that should Fremont fail, his prestige would be gone, that the Ohio troops and others would benefit if he rented a building in a central location to use as his headquarters when in St. Louis, that the men were exceedingly "exasperated" by the way they were treated by [Samuel Davis] Sturgis, and that he understood Sturgis was given to intoxication and feared that a great deal had gone wrong while Sturgis was in charge of Ohio men.
6 pp. [Series 147-7A:39]

September 30, 1861
O[rmsby] M[acKnight] Mitchel, Brigadier General Commanding, Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio. To Governor William Dennison. Letter stating that he had done his utmost to procure tents, overcoats, etc. for the troops, that Captain [John H.] Dickerson was still responding that he could not provide said supplies, that they had no hospital tents and the men were getting sick for lack of overcoats, that [James Blair] Steedman's regiment [14th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry] had been well received in Lexington, Kentucky where they were detained for want of transportation, that General [Robert] Anderson still believed in "moral suasion" and deeply regretted Mitchel's works in the Kentucky hills opposite Cincinnati, that Anderson felt the works would hurt the feelings of "our brethren" in Kentucky, that Anderson wanted all Ohio and Indiana troops sent to him at Louisville, that he and [Alexander McDowell] McCook hoped Anderson would permit the Ohio troops to concentrate near Nicholasville, Kentucky to move when strong enough against the force under [Felix Kirk] Zollicoffer to threaten Knoxville and the Tennessee Railroad and to secure the Cumberland Gap and effectively bar it against the enemy, that the people of eastern Tennessee were almost unanimously with them, that 10,000 troops entering Tennessee in rear of Cumberland Gap would electrify Tennessee and North Carolina, that in war, providence and military preparation must go hand in hand with vigor and rapidity, that the Department of the Cumberland and the Department of the Ohio must be placed under one military head and that there was not a moment to lose, that he feared a rebel dash upon Kentucky, and that he would send the 31st Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry to Kentucky that day if ready.
3 pp. [Series 147-7A:41]

PREVIOUS ||  CIVIL WAR DOCS ||  NEXT

HOME || CONTACT

 ABOUT || CALENDAR || PLACES || RESOURCES || MARKETPLACE || LINKS || SEARCH
Ohio_Historical_Society - 1982 Velma Ave. - Columbus, OH 43211 - © 1998 All Rights Reserved.