search contact ohs ohs home kilroy introduction exhibit entrance timeline 40s resources events calendar museum store eve of war war years after the war spotlight war posters ohs home

The End of the Depression

The onset of war in Europe and Asia put a dramatic end to a decade-long economic depression. The American economy recovered rapidly during late 1940 and 1941 from the high unemployment of the 1930s, which averaged 15 to 20 percent and reached as high as 30 of every 100 workers. Fearing world domination by Nazi Germany and Japan, President Franklin Roosevelt and Congress revised neutrality acts of the previous decade to allow the United States to sell arms to Britain. Under the Lend-Lease Act of 1941, the United States shipped millions of tons of war materiel overseas. Within a short time, the gross national product (GNP) doubled and the economy moved from stagnation to boom. World War II ended the Great Depression.

This view of Huron Road near Euclid Avenue in Cleveland, taken in the spring of 1940, depicts Ohio's largest city as it began to emerge from the Depression.

click to enlarge

1

click to enlarge

2

(click on thumbnail for larger view)


backnext
click to return to www.ohiohistory.orgHOME || CONTACT || ABOUT || CALENDAR || PLACES || RESOURCES || MARKETPLACE || LINKS || SEARCH
Ohio Historical Society - 1982 Velma Ave. - Columbus, OH 43211 - © 2000 All Rights Reserved
Last modified, Tuesday, 26-Jul-2005 12:07:46 Eastern Daylight Time